Output Group 1.10
Joint Operations Command

Joint Operations Command consists of the Headquarters and specialised components: Special Operations, Border Protection Command, Northern Command, Joint Movements Group and when raised, Joint Task Forces.

The Headquarters component includes embedded support elements, such as movements, joint and combined exercises, logistics and welfare support for deployed forces. The Headquarters plans, mounts, conducts and controls all Defence operations. The Chief of Joint Operations Command is also responsible for the ADF’s commitment to the Coastwatch civil surveillance program and Border Protection Command tasking, providing maritime surveillance assets that are tasked routinely in accordance with the Government’s direction.

In November 2008, the Headquarters commenced the move from various locations in Sydney and Canberra to a purpose-built facility in Bungendore, NSW. The General John Baker Complex was officially opened by the Prime Minister on 7 March 2009. Careful management of the relocation project ensured the move was successful and that command and control functions were not disrupted during the move.

The ADF operations that were conducted and controlled by the Headquarters during 2008-09 are detailed in this report under Outcomes 2 and 3.

Major exercise commitments were met, including the following joint or combined exercises:

Exercise Description/Objective
Combined ADF/Five Power Defence Arrangement Exercises
Bersama Shield 09
May 2009
To exercise assigned Five Power Defence Arrangement forces in the conduct of joint and combined operations in a multi-threat scenario for the defence of Malaysia and Singapore.
Combined ADF/United States Exercises
Dugong 08
October 2008
Exercise Dugong is a combined mine counter measures and explosive ordnance disposal exercise involving the Navy’s Mine Warfare and Clearance Diving assets and a combined Australian / United States Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) unit. The aim of the exercise is to deploy force elements to a remote locality/primary port to conduct combined mine-clearance and EOD operations. The exercise is designed to progress collective mine counter measures and EOD capability and proficiency towards operational preparedness objectives requirements.
Other Combined Exercises
Rimpac 08
June-July 2008
Exercise Rimpac is a biennial multilateral exercise held near Hawaii intended to enhance tactical proficiency of participating units in a wide array of combined operations at sea. By enhancing interoperability, Rimpac helps to promote stability in the Pacific Rim region.
Kakadu 08
July-August 2008
Exercise Kakadu is a multilateral maritime warfare exercise conducted in Darwin and the North Australia Exercise Area. Units from Australia, France, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Singapore and Thailand along with observers from Indonesia, Philippines, Republic of Korea and Vietnam participated in the exercise. The aim of the exercise is to develop interoperability in multilateral maritime operations in a regional maritime coalition environment.
Singaroo 08
July 2008
Exercise Singaroo is a bilateral maritime warfare exercise conducted by the Republic of Singapore Navy and the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). The aim of the exercise is to improve the interoperability of the Singapore Armed Forces and the ADF in combined maritime procedures and tactics.
Mastex 08
August 2008
Exercise Mastex is a combined RAN and Royal Malaysian Navy maritime exercise to improve interoperability and mutual understanding. The aim of the exercise is to strengthen the bilateral relationship and enhance mutual cooperation and understanding between the Malaysian Armed Forces and the ADF.
Austhai 08
September 2008
Exercise Austhai is a combined maritime exercise conducted between elements of the RAN and the Royal Thai Navy. The aim of Exercise Austhai is to enhance the relationship between the two forces in order to develop a level of interoperability for the conduct of combined operations.
Swift Eagle 08
October 2008
Exercise Swift Eagle is an ADF unilateral exercise to evaluate the preparedness of high readiness rapid deployment force elements, including the tactical brigade headquarters and the follow-on battalion group, selected supporting air, maritime and Special Forces elements to conduct short notice operations. The objective of Exercise Swift Eagle is to practice entry by air and sea and conduct a non-combatant evacuation in a medium intensity ground scenario as well as testing the ready capacity of the on-line battalion.
December 2008
Exercise ASWEX is conducted to improve anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capability and interoperability between maritime and air ASW platforms in a multi-threat environment; to improve specific skills at the operator level and develop and assess operational effectiveness at the unit level. The primary aim of the exercise is to practice and evaluate collective ASW concepts, tactics and procedures.
Red Flag 09
March 2009
Exercise Red Flag is a major exercise using a dense integrated air defence network that requires the employment of advanced tactical procedures. Red Flag objectives are to enhance interoperability with the United States and the United Kingdom defence forces and conduct air combat training in a complex high threat environment.
Tamex 09-1
March 2009
Exercise Tamex is a Navy/Air Force multilateral exercise with New Zealand, the United States and Japan. The exercise combines basic maritime patrol aircraft Anti-Submarine Warfare and Anti-Submarine Surveillance activities. The aim is for P-3 Orion aircraft to practice joint anti-submarine operations with a Navy submarine with guided missile capabilities.

Key performance indicators

KPI Status Further information
ADF forces are effectively deployed and sustained. Achieved Linked to Outcomes 2 and 3.
Command of ADF forces is effective and the Government’s strategic objectives for operations are achieved. Achieved Linked to Outcomes 2 and 3.
Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the CDF for forces identified for operational tasks. Achieved Deployed forces met preparedness levels directed by CDF.
Meet major ADF exercise commitments. Achieved Joint and combined exercises were conducted in accordance with the Program of Major Service Activities.
Successful move of the headquarters to Bungendore, NSW. Achieved The move was completed in March 2009 and the headquarters is fully operational.
Table 8.14 Cost summary for Output 1.10 - Joint Operations Command
$'000 $'000 $'000 $'000 %
Employees 6,177 6,330 67,142 60,812 961
Suppliers 40,161 32,838 26,511 -6,327 -19
Grants - - - - -
Depreciation and amortisation 2,587 31 1,924 1,893 6,106
Finance cost - - - - -
Write-down of assets and impairment of assets -6 - 141 141 100
Net losses from sale of assets - - 1 1 100
Other expenses - - 2 2 100
Total Expenses 48,918 39,199 95,721 56,522 144
Goods and services 481 436 -47 -483 -111
Other revenue - - 212 212 100
Total Revenue 481 436 165 -271 -62
Reversals of previous asset write-downs - - 94 94 100
Net gains from sale of assets - - - - -
Other Gains - - - - -
Total Gains - - 94 94 100
Total Income 481 436 259 -177 -41
Net cost of 1.10 - Joint Operations Command 48,437 38,763 95,462 56,699 146


  1. Budget Estimates are consistent with Portfolio Budget Statements 2008-09.
  2. Revised Estimates are consistent with Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2008-09.
  3. Variation figures are the difference between Actual Result and Revised Estimate.