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This section contains additional detailed information, further to that contained in the hardcopy of the Defence Annual Report 2005–06.

Group Contributions

Intelligence and Security Group (Defence Security Authority)

The Canberra headquarters of the Defence Security Authority (DSA) and its seven state and territory offices continued the development, implementation and management of security policy and provision of specialist security services for Defence.

The DSA contributed to the Intelligence and Security Group's performance through its efforts in cooperation with ADF commanders, civilian managers and Defence industry, to protect Defence people, information and assets. (Reported separately in Outcome Six in Chapter Two—Outcome Performance.)

Key strategies for 2005–06 were to raise security awareness, establish a strong security culture and improve security management. These were supported by the new computer based security training and complementary specialised advanced training. The DSA quarterly newsletter, Security, Everybody's Business was launched electronically as part of the agency's commitment to educating Defence members on security matters.

Defence Security Authority Resources

The total operating budget for DSA in 2005–06 was $27.9m. At 30 June 2006, the Authority had ten military personnel and 333 Australian Public Service staff.

Defence Security Authority Key Achievements 2005–06

During 2005–06, the DSA maintained a high level of effort in its security screening of personnel, security intelligence—including Defence-specific threat assessments, technical counter-measures services and security investigations into serious and complex incidents.

The security clearance processes were the subject of review and, as a result, the National Coordination and National After-Care Centres were established and the negative screening security clearance process was streamlined. The Task Force set up to review the positive screening security clearance process will make specific recommendations for implementation in 2006–07.

In September 2005, the DSA released the revised Defence Security Manual. The Authority was able to significantly improve the level of security awareness in the Department with the Manual released on-line and a range of revamped training programs. Over 9,000 personnel were trained face to face in 2005–06 and a further 2,500 personnel completed the new on-line Introduction to Security Training. These training programs were consistent with the recommendations of the Defence Attitude Survey which had identified the need for a better security culture.

The DSA Security Investigations Unit completed 124 formal investigations in 2005–06 and reported a rise in the number of initial reports by Defence personnel. While the number of formal investigations is a slight increase over the previous year, the increased reporting of security incidents by Defence members demonstrated the effectiveness of the security education program. The Authority continued with its tailored security training which addressed topical areas of concern in a timely manner.

In 2005–2006 the DSA Security Investigations Unit responded as follows:

Security investigation action(1) Number
Acknowledged referral 280
Accepted for investigation 124
Completed 124(2)
Referred to another area for further action 156
Ongoing 71

Notes:

  1. A formal investigation is initiated when the reported offence is suspected or assessed as falling within either ‘a reportable major security incident, a serious and complex security incident or a major security incident' as defined in the Defence Security Manual.
  2. Investigations completed included figures from previous years.

The Defence Security Authority improved the Defence counter-intelligence capability with the establishment of the Security Intelligence and Investigations Coordination Cell and its formal links with other Government agencies. Its technical counter-measures capability has been reconfigured to meet future requirements and has an increased surge capacity.

The Defence Security Authority led the effort on new and revised bilateral instruments for the shared protection of classified information with United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Korea, India, the Netherlands and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. Similar support for revisions of domestic security was provided with the Authority leading the review into the Defence Act 1903.

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