The Vanguard Occasional Paper Series

The Vanguard Occasional Paper Series advances awareness of Australian defence and security concerns.

Launched in 2021, the papers contribute to emerging and contemporary debates facing Australian military, policy and strategic decision-makers and seek to encourage broader public discussion.


The Vanguard considers original, high-quality research and analysis that engages with topics of future importance to Australian defence and security organisations.

Submissions should be essays or monographs between 10,000 and 30,000 words and be written for a military, security and policy audience.

For further information on submission requirements and editorial policies see the following resources.

The Vanguard submission guidelines (PDF, 378.18 KB)

The Vanguard editorial policies (PDF, 232.82 KB)


The views expressed in this publication are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Australian Government or Defence.

While reasonable care has been taken in preparing this publication, the Commonwealth of Australia and the author disclaim all liability howsoever caused arising from the use of, or reliance on, this publication. By accessing this publication users are deemed to have consented to this condition and agree that this publication is used entirely at their own risk.


© Commonwealth of Australia 2023

This publication – excluding the Defence logo, Australian Defence College crest and images – is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international licence. All images in this publication are copyright Commonwealth of Australia. Full terms and conditions of use are available through the Defence Image Library. Any reproduction of material in this publication must be attributed to its source.