Australian Defence Force Journal

The Australian Defence Force (ADF) Journal was the official journal of the Australian profession of arms from 1976 to 2018. It promoted discussion, debate and critical thinking on a wide range of issues facing the ADF and the profession of arms.

The ADF Journal remains a useful resource for contemporary thinkers and students on Australian defence and strategic thought, policy and concerns.


The views expressed in this publication are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Australian Government or Defence.

While reasonable care has been taken in preparing this publication, the Commonwealth of Australia and the author disclaim all liability howsoever caused arising from the use of, or reliance on, this publication. By accessing this publication users are deemed to have consented to this condition and agree that this publication is used entirely at their own risk.


© Commonwealth of Australia 2023

This publication – excluding the Defence logo, Australian Defence College crest and images – is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 international licence. All images in this publication are copyright Commonwealth of Australia. Full terms and conditions of use are available through the Defence Image Library. Any reproduction of material in this publication must be attributed to its source.