The United States controls the export, import and use of a number of inherently military items, dual commercial and military items, and nuclear equipment and material, both within its borders and extra territorially (this is separate and extra to required Australian export licences).
When items and/or services appear to be inherently military in design, purpose or use, its existence on the US Munitions List (USML) must be determined. Items and services specifically enumerated on the USML are regulated by the International Traffic in Arms Regulations and managed by the US Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC). If you deal with US sourced items or services listed on the USML or you wish to permanently or temporarily export or import them to or from the US, the ITAR should be consulted in the first instance.
If you wish to permanently export items and/or services appearing to be inherently military in design, purpose or use, you will also need to consult the US Munitions Import List (USMIL). Permanent US import licences are issued and controlled by the Department of Treasury, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF).
Items and services that may have both commercial and military use are listed on the US Commerce Control List (CCL), regulated by the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and managed by the US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security. If you deal with US sourced items or services listed on the CCL or you wish to permanently or temporarily export or import them to or from the US the EAR should be consulted in the first instance.
If you deal with USML or CCL items that were acquired by an Australian authority (Department of Defence) under the Foreign Military Sales Program or another Government to Government Authorisation, your dealings with these items will be specifically provided for in the program or authorisation documentation. These documents need to be consulted prior to any involvement with the items.
All US exports and imports of radioactive goods and materials are managed by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Special nuclear materials used in weapons or weapon systems are managed by the US Department of Energy.