An Australian citizen is attending an international conference on nuclear physics when they are approached by another attendee. The Australian is asked if they would consider providing consultancy advice. The Australian later finds out that the advice is for scientists who are working on improving the civilian nuclear capability in a country that is also known to be developing a military nuclear capability.
The Australian company should submit an Application to Export Controlled Goods and Technology form to DEC. The consultancy advice, where there are grounds for believing or suspecting the advice will or may be used to assist a WMD, is a criminal offence.