The previous iteration of Exercise Croix du Sud was held in New Caledonia in 2012. This Exercise is held every two years with Exercise Equateur, a corresponding desk top exercise, held in alternate years to design the basic concept for Exercise Croix du Sud.
The exercise is organised by the French Armed Force in New Caledonia (FANC) working with partner nations. It is Australia's key opportunity to conduct a practical level military engagement with the FANC, and is a capstone regional HA/DR exercise that was discussed at the South Pacific Chiefs of Defence and South Pacific Defence Ministers’ Meetings in 2013.
The ADF-FANC relationship is based on practical cooperation in the region and focuses on maintaining interoperability to support regional HA/DR, evacuation operations, maritime surveillance initiatives, and supporting regional defence and police forces continued synchronisation with Australian allies and partners.