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Division 1 : Definitions – general

Note: If a term is not defined anywhere in this manual or other legislation, it has the same meaning as in the Macquarie Dictionary.


For definitions relating to dependants, see Chapter 1 Part 3 Division 2

Warning – Different Definitions for Overseas Conditions of Service

The following terms are defined differently for overseas conditions of service:

  • long-term posting
  • posting location
  • posting period
  • short-term duty

Those definitions are in Chapter 12.

See: Chapter 12 Part 3, Definitions for Chapters 12 to 17


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1.3.3 Purpose

This Division defines general terms and explains important concepts used in Chapters 1 to 17.

See: Division 2 for definitions and interpretations related to dependants.

1.3.4 Act

Act means the Defence Act 1903.

1.3.5 Allowance

Includes an allowance made under section 58B or section 58H of the Defence Act 1903, unless expressly stated otherwise

1.3.6 Baggage

  1. For service within Australia – baggage means personal possessions that meet either of these conditions.

    1. They accompany the member by public transport.

    2. They are sent by public transport unaccompanied.

  2. For a removal, baggage includes parts of a person's furniture and effects that they choose not to be carried by a contracted removalist.

1.3.7 ...

1.3.8 Calendar month

Calendar month has the same meaning as in section 2B of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

1.3.9 Capital city

Capital city means Canberra, Darwin or the metropolitan area of the capital city of a State.

1.3.10 CDF

CDF means the Chief of the Defence Force. This includes a reference to another person that the CDF authorises to act on their behalf.

1.3.11 Commonwealth

Commonwealth includes a body corporate incorporated for a public purpose by or under a law of the Commonwealth or of a Territory. Commonwealth excludes an incorporated company, society or association.

See: Section 17 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901

1.3.12 Commonwealth removalist

Commonwealth removalist means Toll Transitions Pty Ltd, its subcontractors, agents or employees who provide removal services under a contract with the Commonwealth.

1.3.13 Compulsory residency

Compulsory residency means training in a hospital undertaken by a medical officer as a condition of entry into the medical profession. It does not matter whether or not the medical officer lives in accommodation provided by the hospital.

1.3.14 Compulsory retirement age

Compulsory retirement age means a member's compulsory retirement age under the Defence (Personnel) Regulations 2002.

1.3.15 Continuous full-time service

  1. Continuous full-time service excludes Reserve service. Members on continuous full-time service are paid an annual rate of salary under DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries. If eligible, they are entitled to the conditions of service under Chapters 2 to 17.

  2. This concept applies to the service performed by these two groups of members.

    1. Members of the Permanent Forces.

    2. Members of the Reserves who are required to perform a period of continuous full-time service with the Permanent Forces.

      See also: Section 1.3.67, Reserve service

    Note: In the total workforce model, a member on continuous full-time service may be described as a member in Service category 6 or 7. A member who is in Service category 3, 4 or 5 and also on Service option C is also on continuous full-time service.

    Example: A member joined the Navy in 2000 and served 10 years in the Permanent Forces. The member then joined the Reserves and performed intermittent Navy reserve days during 2010 to 2014. The member is then called out for continuous full-time service for all of 2015.

    Example
    Item During the period... the member was on...
    1. 2000 to 2009 continuous full-time service.
    2. 2010 to 2014 Reserve service.
    3. 2015 continuous full-time service.

    Note: 'Ceasing continuous full-time service' includes all forms of termination or transfer of service. This includes on retirement, retrenchment, and on completing a period of engagement.

1.3.16 Daily rate

  1. The daily rate of any annual rate means the relevant calculation set out at section 3.2.7.

    See: Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 1 section 3.2.7, Administration of salary and allowances

  2. If a member is eligible for a daily rate of an allowance determined by the Defence Force Remuneration Tribunal, the rate is listed in the relevant determination.

    See: DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF Allowances, section A.1.7, Payment arrangements

1.3.17 Dentist

Dentist means a dental practitioner registered under the law of a State or Territory. It includes an ADF dental officer.

1.3.18 Deployment

Deployment means warlike or non-warlike service overseas by members assigned for duty with a UN mission or a similar force.

1.3.19 Doctor

Doctor means a medical practitioner registered under the law of a State or Territory. It includes an ADF medical officer.

1.3.20 Dual entitlement

See: Part 6 section 1.6.1, Dual entitlement – member's adult dependant is also a member.

1.3.21 Effective date of posting

Effective date of posting means whichever is the later of these dates.

  1. The date in the member's posting order.

  2. The date the member starts duty at their new posting location.

See also:
Section 1.3.57, Posting period – within Australia
Section 12.3.16, Posting period overseas

1.3.22 Employment

Employment includes full-time or part-time work. It does not include voluntary work.

1.3.23 Engine capacity – rotary engine

  1. The capacity of a rotary engine is the displacement of the engine according to the specifications of the engine issued by the manufacturer of the vehicle.

  2. The manufacturer of a rotary engine-driven vehicle may not state the displacement of the engine in the specifications. They may state the displacement of the rotor or rotors comprising the engine instead. In this case, the capacity of the engine is taken to be either of these figures.

    1. The displacement of the rotor that makes up the engine.

    2. The sum of the displacements of the rotors that make up the engine.

1.3.24 Equivalent rank

See: Chapter 1 Part 4.

1.3.24A Flexible service determination

  1. A flexible service determination is a determination made under subsection 23(2) of the Defence Act 1903.

  2. Patterns of service under a flexible service determination can fall into two categories.

    1. Hours or days in a fortnight. This is known as a flexible service determination (days per fortnight pattern of service).

    2. Weeks in a month. This is known as a flexible service determination (weeks per month pattern of service).

1.3.25 Fortnightly rate

The fortnightly rate of any annual rate means the calculation set out at subsection 3.2.7.1 as adjusted by subsection 3.2.7.5.

See: Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 1 section 3.2.7, Administration of salary and allowances

1.3.26 Gaining location

Gaining location means the posting location to which a member is posted in their posting authority.

1.3.27 Health professional

For the purpose of a medical absence, a health professional means:

  1. A registered medical or dental practitioner who provides services as a Defence member, Australian Public Service employee or otherwise under an agreement in place with Defence.

  2. A registered medical practitioner.

  3. Any of the following persons who are competent, credentialed and authorised by Surgeon General Australian Defence Force to perform an extended role.

    1. A Nursing Officer.

    2. A Nurse Practitioner.

    3. An Advanced Medical Assistant (AMA) or Advanced Medical Technician (AMT).

    4. A Clinical Manager (CM).

1.3.28 Home port – for a member

  1. This table lists the home port for different members.

    Home port
    Item If the member was recruited in... and the member is in the... the member's home port is...
    1. South Australia Navy Adelaide.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship
    2. Queensland Navy Brisbane, Cairns or Townsville.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship Brisbane or Townsville.
    3. New South Wales Navy Sydney or Nowra.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship Sydney.
    4. Victoria Navy Melbourne.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship
    5. Tasmania Navy Hobart.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship
    6. Western Australia Navy Fremantle.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship Perth.
    7. Northern Territory Navy Darwin.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship
    8. Australian Capital Territory Navy Canberra.
    Army, posted to a seagoing ship
  2. If there is more than one option in the table in subsection 1, the CDF may decide which of the options will apply. The CDF must have regard to both these criteria.

    1. Where the member was enlisted or appointed.

    2. The efficient operation of Defence.

  3. A member may apply to have a location listed in this table approved as their home port.

    Home port
    Item If the member is... then the locations that may be selected are...
    1. a member of the Navy Adelaide
    Brisbane
    Cairns
    Canberra
    Darwin
    Fremantle
    Hobart
    Melbourne
    Nowra
    Sydney
    Townsville
    2. a member of the Army posted to a seagoing ship Adelaide
    Brisbane
    Canberra
    Darwin
    Hobart
    Melbourne
    Perth
    Sydney
    Townsville
  4. The CDF may approve the application. The CDF must consider all of these criteria.

    1. Where the member was enlisted or appointed.

    2. The member's needs.

    3. The efficient operation of Defence.

Persons who can make the decisions under subsection 1.3.28.2 and subsection 1.3.28.4 on behalf of the CDF:
Director/Commanding Officer/Officer Commanding not below MAJ(E)/APS 6 in the member's direct chain of command or supervision

1.3.29 Home port – for a ship

For a seagoing ship, home port means the port from which the ship regularly operates for a period of more than one year.

1.3.30 Leave year

Leave year means a year beginning on 1 July.

1.3.31 Legal officer

Legal officer means an officer who is, or is eligible to be, admitted as a barrister or solicitor of the High Court or the Supreme Court of a State or Territory. This does not include an officer who is a Judge of the Federal Court or a Judge of a court of a State or Territory.

1.3.32 Living in

Living in means occupying living-in accommodation.

1.3.33 Living-in accommodation

Living-in accommodation means either of these forms of accommodation.

  1. A barracks or similar kind of residential accommodation that meets both these conditions.

    1. It is owned or controlled by the Commonwealth.

    2. It is provided primarily for the use of members without dependants.

  2. Accommodation like that described in paragraph a. that a foreign government or other organisation provides for members without dependants.

1.3.34 Living out

Living out means not living in.

See: Section 1.3.32, Living in

1.3.35 Location of residence – within Australia

For service within Australia, location of residence means an area surrounding a member's residence. It is the area defined by the distance the member can travel from their residence and back, door to door. The distance is the greater of these two distances.

  1. How far the member can travel in 150 minutes by the most appropriate and efficient means of public transport.

  2. 30 km each way by public road.

See also: Section 1.3.55, Posting location – within Australia

1.3.36 Long-term posting

  1. Within Australia – long-term posting means a period of duty that the member's Service has directed to be for more than six months.

  2. For duty overseas – see Chapter 12 Part 3 section 12.3.9, Long-term posting overseas.

1.3.37 Losing location

This table defines losing location for a member granted a removal.

Losing location
Item If the member is... then their losing location is the location in Australia...
1. a member with dependants on their first removal after joining or rejoining the Permanent Forces of the current or last permanent home of their dependants when they joined or rejoined.
2. any other member with dependants to which they were last granted a removal for their dependants.
3. a member with dependants (unaccompanied)
4. a member without dependants to which they were last granted a removal.

1.3.38 Meal costs

  1. Meal costs include compulsory service charges and taxes, such as goods and services tax (GST).

  2. Meal costs exclude these items.

    1. Voluntary tips.

    2. The cost of alcoholic drinks.

1.3.39 Meal period

Meal period means one hour beginning at these times.

  1. 0700 hours for breakfast.

  2. 1300 hours for lunch.

  3. 1900 hours for dinner.

1.3.40 Medical absence

Medical absence is the term used to describe the period for which a member is granted leave to be absent from duty for health reasons.

Related Information: Chapter 5 Part 3, Medical absence from duty

1.3.41 Member

Member has the same meaning as in sections 4 and 58A of the Defence Act 1903.

Section 4 of the Act: 'Member includes any officer, sailor, soldier and airman.'

Section 58A of the Act: 'Member includes a person who has ceased to be a member, whether by reason of death or otherwise.'

See also:

  1. Part 2 section 1.2.2. This section restricts the application of Chapters 1 to 17 to existing ADF members on continuous full-time service. This is unless a provision makes it clear that the provision applies to members on Reserve service, or former members.

  2. The definitions of continuous full-time service and Reserve service in this Part.

Related information:
Section 1.3.72A, Service category
Section 1.3.72B, Service option C

1.3.42 ...

1.3.43 Member undergoing recategorisation training

Member undergoing recategorisation training means a member who is in the following circumstances.

  1. The member commences training in a capacity listed in Schedule B.13 to DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries.

    1. For members of the Permanent Forces and members of the Reserves on continuous full-time service — Part 1 of Schedule B.13.

    2. Note: In the total workforce model, a member of the Permanent Forces may be described as a member in Service category 6 or 7. A member of the Reserves on continuous full-time service may be described as a member in Service category 3, 4 or 5 who is also on Service option C.

    3. For members on Reserve service — Part 2 of Schedule B.13.

    4. Note: In the total workforce model, a member of the Reserves may be described as a member in Service category 2, 3, 4 or 5.

  2. Immediately before the start of the training, salary was payable to the member under a schedule to DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries, other than Schedule B.13.

Note 1: These members are entitled to salary non-reduction under Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 2 section 3.2.25.

Note 2: This definition does not apply to new entrants to the ADF who have only ever been on a trainee rate of salary under Schedule B.13.

See:
Section 1.3.75, Trainee
Chapter 3 Part 1 Schedule B.13, Trainee salary rates
Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 2 section 3.2.25, Salary – member undergoing recategorisation training

1.3.44 Month

See: Section 1.3.8, Calendar month

1.3.45 Non-warlike service

Non-warlike service means both these kinds of service for the purposes of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

  1. Service with a peacekeeping force for the purposes of Part IV.

  2. Hazardous service for the purposes of section 120.

1.3.45A Nonworking period

A nonworking period for a member on a flexible service determination (weeks per month pattern of service) is the period that is not the member's pattern of service. This is the period when the member is on leave without pay (flexible service determination).

See: Chapter 5 Part 10 Division 1 section 5.10.5A, Leave without pay (flexible Determination)

1.3.46 Normal departmental liability

See: Chapter 9 Part 1 section 9.1.7.

1.3.47 Normal working hours

  1. There are no minimum prescribed working hours for the ADF. Members on continuous full-time service are paid on a 24-hour day, seven-day week basis.

  2. There is no such thing as payment for overtime. However, commanders set a normal working day taking account of normal community standards, operational requirements and occupational health and safety factors.

  3. For a member on a flexible service determination, the normal working hours are stated in the determination.

1.3.48 Operational area

For a deployment, operational area means the specified area for a deployment in section 17.7.6.

See: Chapter 17 Part 7 Division 1 section 17.7.6, Rate of allowance

1.3.49 Own home

Own home is defined in Chapter 7.

See: Chapter 7
Part 2, Suitable own home
Part 1 Division 3, Definitions and key concepts

1.3.50 Paid leave

Paid leave means a period of leave when a member is entitled to salary.

1.3.50A Pattern of service

Pattern of service means the hours of duty or the periods of duty prescribed under a flexible service determination.

1.3.51 Pay grade

Pay grade means the pay grade for a member under DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries.

1.3.52 Pay to the Commonwealth

Pay to the Commonwealth means a member's obligation to pay (or repay) money to the Commonwealth. This is if the member incurs a debt or liability to the Commonwealth.

Example 1: The member has been overpaid a benefit.

Example 2: The member is liable to contribute money towards the cost of a particular conditions of service benefit that the Commonwealth provides to them.

1.3.53 Period of prospective service

Period of prospective service has the same meaning as in Part 8 of the Military Superannuation and Benefits Act 1991, as preserved by Schedule 4 of the Defence Legislation Amendment Act (No. 1) 2005.

Note: The definition in that Act reads as follows.

"period of prospective service, in relation to a member to whom retention benefit is payable or has been paid, means the period:

  1. commencing:

    1. if the member is or was, at the time when the benefit becomes or became payable, subject to a return of service obligation — immediately after the end of the period of service that the member is required to complete because of that obligation; or

    2. if subparagraph (i) does not apply — on benefit computation day in relation to the member; and

  2. ending at the end of:

    1. the day on which the member will, if he or she does not cease beforehand to serve in the Permanent Forces:

      1. complete 20 years of continuous eligible service; or

      2. if, at the time when, or at any time after, the benefit becomes or became payable, the member is, or was, subject to a return of service obligation — complete a period of continuous eligible service that, excluding the period of service that the member is required to serve because of that obligation, is equal to 20 years; or

    2. the day on which the member will reach his or her retiring age;

    whichever occurs first."

1.3.54 Personal location

  1. A personal location is a location in which the member's dependants choose to live.

    Exception: The location where the member lives cannot be a personal location.

  2. Not all situations where dependants live in a personal location attract the same benefits.

    1. A benefit may be made available to a member on compassionate grounds. If the member satisfies any eligibility requirements for that benefit and the member's dependants live in a personal location, that personal location is known as a personal location where benefits are provided.

      Example: A member's dependants need to live near a children's hospital while the member's child undergoes chemotherapy. The member meets the compassionate test for every benefit that can apply and lives in a personal location where benefits are provided.

    2. A benefit may be expressed as not applying in relation to a member with dependants in a personal location. The member and dependants are not eligible for that benefit.

  3. A personal location may be inside or outside of Australia. A personal location outside of Australia attracts a more limited level of benefits.

    Related Information: Chapter 8 Part 3, Member with dependants (unaccompanied) summary has more information about removal and housing for members in different situations.

1.3.55 Posting location – within Australia

  1. For service within Australia, posting location means an area surrounding a member's normal place of duty. It must be one of these areas.

    1. An area defined by the distance the member can travel from their usual residence to their normal place of duty and back, door to door. The distance is the greater of these two distances.

      1. How far the member can travel in 150 minutes by the most appropriate and efficient means of public transport available during their normal hours of duty.

      2. 30 km each way on the most direct route by public road.

        Notes:

        1. This may not necessarily be the quickest route to travel.

        2. This subparagraph displaces the general principle in section 35 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

    2. An area greater than the area described in paragraph a. that the member proposes and the CDF approves. Approval may only be given if the CDF is satisfied that both these criteria are met.

      1. The member's daily attendance for duty would not be affected by any additional travelling time.

      2. The member commutes daily to their normal place of duty.

    3. Any greater area in which a Service residence is located, if the Service residence is made available for members serving at the member's normal place of duty.

  2. This subsection applies to a member with dependants (unaccompanied) or a member who is posted to a seagoing ship. Their posting location includes a location that their dependants live in.

  3. See also: Section 1.3.35, Location of residence – within Australia

    Related Information: While this definition sets the posting location for most benefits, some members may get benefits based on other locations.

    See: Chapter 7 Part 1 Division 3 section 7.1.15, Posting location

Persons who can make the decision under paragraph 1.3.55.1.b on behalf of the CDF:
Director/Commanding Officer/Officer Commanding not below MAJ(E)/APS 6 in the member's direct chain of command or supervision

1.3.56 Posting location – overseas

See: Chapter 12 Part 3 section 12.3.15, Posting location.

1.3.57 Posting period – within Australia

  1. For service within Australia, a member's posting period starts on the day they begin duty at a posting location and ends on the day they finish duty there. This is subject to subsections 2 to 6.

  2. The posting period starts on the day the member arrives at the location if they arrive on any of these days.

    1. A Saturday, Sunday or public holiday immediately before the day they begin duty.

    2. A day during a period of paid leave immediately before the day they begin duty.

    3. The day they are granted a removal to the location, or any later day.

  3. The member's dependants may be granted a removal to the posting location and arrive there before the member. In this case, the posting period starts on the day the dependants arrive.

  4. The posting period ends on the day the member leaves the location, if they leave on any of these days.

    1. A Saturday, Sunday or public holiday immediately before the day they finish duty.

    2. A day during a period of paid leave immediately before the day they finish duty.

    3. The day they are granted a removal from the location, or any later day.

  5. The member's dependants may be granted a removal from the posting location and depart after the member. In this case, the posting period ends on the day the dependants depart.

  6. The CDF may decide it is reasonable for a member's posting period to start on an earlier day or end on a later day. The CDF must consider all these criteria.

    1. The circumstances of the member's removal to or from the location.

    2. The number, age, gender and circumstances of the member's dependants.

    3. The availability of rental accommodation at the location.

    4. Any other factor relevant to the posting.

    Note: Other Chapters have specific provisions about when particular benefits start and stop. These provisions override this definition for those benefits.

    Examples: Maritime disability allowance, ADF district allowance and housing assistance.

Persons who can make the decision under subsection 1.3.57.6 on behalf of the CDF:
An employee of Defence Housing Australia who performs the duties of:

  • Housing Contact Centre Manager
  • Regional Director in a Housing Management Centre
  • National Housing Manager

An employee of Toll Transitions who performs the duties of:

  • Removals Team Leader in the Housing Management Centre
  • National Relocations Manager
  • National Operations – Removals Manager

Contract Manager Relocation Services
Assistant Director Operations
Director Relocations and Housing

 

1.3.58 Posting period overseas

See: Chapter 12 Part 3 section 12.3.16, Posting period overseas.

1.3.59 Private Proficient

Private Proficient is not a formal ADF rank. It is a salary proficiency point.

See: Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 3 section 3.2.37, Salary – Private Proficient

1.3.60 Private vehicle

Private vehicle means a motor vehicle that is registered in the name of the member or their dependant.

Examples: Cars, trucks, motor cycles (and sidecar), motor scooters.

Non-examples: Recreational or hobby vehicles that cannot be registered.

1.3.61 Public holiday

Public holiday means a day, or part of a day, that a member is eligible to take as a public holiday.

See:
Chapter 5 Part 12, Public holidays – Australia
Chapter 15 Part 1 section 15.1.4, Public holidays overseas

1.3.62 Public transport

Public transport means transport available to the public by regular services over fixed routes.

1.3.63 Rank

  1. Rank includes both these meanings.

    1. Equivalent rank under Part 4.

    2. Substantive, acting (paid), temporary, provisional and probationary rank.

  2. Rank does not include either of these meanings.

    1. Unpaid acting rank.

    2. Honorary rank.

1.3.64 Refitting port

Refitting port means the port where a ship refits, if this is different from the ship's home port, section 1.3.29.

1.3.65 Remote location

Remote location means a location listed in Annex 4.4.A.

See: Chapter 4 Part 4 Annex 4.4.A, Remote locations for ADF district allowance

1.3.66 Removal

Removal means a removal by a Commonwealth removalist.

See: Section 1.3.12, Commonwealth removalist

1.3.67 Reserve service

Reserve service means a period of service performed by a member of the Reserves that is not continuous full-time service.

See: Section 1.3.15, Continuous full-time service

1.3.68 Restricted destination

  1. For the purpose of leave and travel, a restricted destination is a location that the CDF has directed is a restricted destination.

    See: Chapter 5 Part 2 Division 1, Leave to travel to a restricted destination

  1. The CDF has directed that the areas in the following table are restricted destinations.

Restricted destinations
Item Destination
1.
Afghanistan
2.
Iraq
3.
South Sudan
4.
Syria
5.
Yemen

1.3.69 Return of service obligation

Return of service obligation means a period of service determined by the relevant Service Chief under the Defence (Personnel) Regulations 2002. It is period of service a member must complete in return for some kinds of service opportunities.

Examples:

  1. Undergoing expensive training.

  2. Getting marketable skills through Service training.

  3. Being employed on special duties.

  4. Serving outside Australia.

  5. Travelling to Australia with any dependants at Commonwealth expense if the member has joined the ADF from outside Australia.

See: Military Personnel Policy Manual
Part 2 Chapter 1 paragraphs 1.11 to 1.16, Service obligations
Chapter 7 Part 4, Arrangements for service in the Australian Defence Force

1.3.70 Seagoing ship

Seagoing ship has the same meaning as in DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF allowances, as amended.

See: DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF allowances, Division B.9, published at Chapter 4 Part 2 Part B Division B.9 section B.9.2, Definitions.

1.3.71 Seagoing submarine

Seagoing submarine has the same meaning as in DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF allowances, as amended.

See: DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF allowances, Division B.9, published at Chapter 4 Part 2 Part B Division B.9 section B.9.2, Definitions.

1.3.72 Serious illness

Serious illness has the following meanings.

Meanings
Item For... serious illness means an illness or injury that could...
1. compassionate leave
See: Chapter 5 Part 9 Division 2
endanger the member's life.
2. Australians dangerously ill scheme
See:
Chapter 9 Part 3 Division 9
Chapter 17 Part 4
do any or all of the following.
  1. Endanger the person's life.
  2. Significantly disable the person.
  3. Materially affect the person's future life.
Note: A serious illness can include a mental health condition.

1.3.72A Service category

  1. A Service category is part of the total workforce model. It groups members into categories that share the same, mutual Service obligations and conditions of service. It may also be known as a SERCAT.

  2. A member is placed into one of six Service categories.

  3. Note: The following descriptions only apply for conditions of service purposes.

    Service category
    Item Service category Description
    1. Service category 1
    SERCAT 1
    This category is reserved for some APS employees.
    2. Service category 2
    SERCAT 2
    Reserve members who do not render service and have no service obligation. They are liable for call out.
    3. Service category 3
    SERCAT 3
    Reserve members who are available for voluntary service, or are rendering service. This category has a level of service obligation applied at a Service's discretion. They are liable for call out.
    4. Service category 4
    SERCAT 4
    Reserve members who are available for voluntary service to provide capability at short notice. The level and pattern of their service obligation is applied at a Service's discretion. They are liable for call out.
    5. Service category 5
    SERCAT 5
    Reserve members voluntarily rendering a specified pattern of service. The level of service obligation is applied at a Service's discretion. This category carries a liability for call out.
    6. Service category 6
    SERCAT 6
    Permanent Force members rendering part-time service under a flexible service determination. The members have continuous full-time service obligations in the same way as a member in Service category 7, including the inherent liability to serve on a full-time basis if required to do so.
    7. Service category 7
    SERCAT 7
    Permanent Force members rendering full-time service.
  4. A member may also be place in a Service option.

1.3.72B Service option C

  1. Service option C describes a member who is in the Reserves and is also on continuous full-time service. It is part of the total workforce model.

  2. Example: A member in Service category 3 who is also on Service option C.

  3. Service option C may also be known as SERVOP C.

1.3.73 Service residence

Service residence means residential accommodation provided by the Commonwealth. It does not include living-in accommodation.

See: Chapter 7 Part 6, Service residences

1.3.74 Short-term duty

  1. Within Australia – short-term duty means a period of duty that the member's Service has directed to be for six months or less.

  2. For duty overseas – see Chapter 12 Part 3 section 12.3.18, Short-term duty overseas.

1.3.75 Trainee

Trainee means a new entrant to the ADF who is on a trainee salary. This means a rate of salary under Schedule B.13 to DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries.

Note: This definition does not apply to existing members of the Permanent Forces who are undergoing a form of in-service training mentioned in Schedule B.13. These members are entitled to salary non-reduction under Chapter 3 Part 2 Division 2 section 3.2.25. They are defined as members undergoing recategorisation training.

See: Section 1.3.43, Member undergoing recategorisation training

1.3.76 Training commitment

Training commitment means an obligation for a member to do specified reserve service for a specified period. The obligation is created under regulation 100 of the Defence (Personnel) Regulations 2002.

Note: That regulation reads as follows.

  1. A Chief may determine a training period for each category of the Reserves in the Chief's Service.

  2. A Chief may determine requirements for the training that is to be carried out during a training period.

  3. A Chief may determine that a member is not required to comply with a requirement determined under subregulation (2).

  4. A member is bound to render, in each training period, service for the required period.

  5. Note 1: See regulation 69

    Note 2: Different training periods, or training requirements, may be determined for:

    1. different parts of the categories of the Reserves; or

    2. different classes of members of the Reserves; or

    3. different periods.

    See: Acts Interpretation Act 1901, subsection 33 (3A)."

1.3.77 Travel card

Travel card means a charge card that the Department of Defence provides to a member. The member can use the card for any of these purposes, up to the specified monetary limits.

  1. To pay accommodation, meals and incidental costs directly on behalf of the Commonwealth.

  2. To get a cash advance to pay for accommodation if the travel card cannot be used to pay for the accommodation.

  3. To get a cash advance to pay for meals and incidentals.

Note: The travel card is a Diner's Club card. When the member pays for their Defence travel with the card, the cost is charged direct to the Commonwealth.

Example: A hotel does not accept the travel card as the method of payment for a member's accommodation. The member could use the card to withdraw cash at an ATM, pay for the accommodation and get a receipt for their stay.

See: Defence Travel Management site.

1.3.77A Unpaid leave

  1. Unpaid leave menas any of the following leave types.

    1. Leave without pay.

    2. Unpaid maternity leave.

    3. Unpaid paternity leave.

  2. Part-time leave without pay means a period of part-time unpaid leave.

  1. If a member is on a period of unpaid leave and receives the payment under the Government Paid Parental Leave scheme during that period, the payment does not change the status of the member's unpaid leave to paid leave.

1.3.78 Very serious illness

Very serious illness means an illness or injury of such severity that life is imminently endangered.

1.3.79 Warlike service

Warlike service means service in the Defence Force of a kind determined as warlike service for the purposes of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.

See: Section 5C of the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986

Application to Reservists: Yes.



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