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Division 1: Introduction to deployment

17.1.6 Nature of service

The Minister, in consultation with the Prime Minister, will declare the nature of service of a deployment. It will be either warlike or non-warlike.

17.1.7 Warlike operation

Warlike operations are those military activities where the application of force is authorised to pursue specific military objectives and there is an expectation of casualties. These operations can encompass but are not limited to the following.

  1. A state of declared war.

  2. Conventional combat operations against an armed adversary.

  3. Peace enforcement operations which are military operations in support of diplomatic efforts to restore peace between belligerents who may not be consenting to intervention and may be engaged in combat activities. They are usually conducted under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, where the application of all necessary force is authorised to restore peace and security or other like tasks.

17.1.8 Non-warlike operation

Non-warlike operations are defined as those military activities short of warlike operations where there is risk associated with the assigned tasks and where application of force is limited to self-defence. Casualties could occur but are not expected. These operations encompass, but are not limited to the following.

  1. Hazardous operations. These are activities exposing individuals or units to a degree of hazard above and beyond that of normal peacetime duty such as mine avoidance and clearance, weapons inspections and destruction, Defence Force aid to the civil power, service protected or assisted evacuations and other operations requiring the application of minimum force to effect the protection of personnel or property, or other like activities.

  2. Peacekeeping operations. Peacekeeping is an operation during which military personnel, without powers of enforcement, help restore and maintain peace in an area of conflict with the consent of all parties. These operations can encompass but are not limited to the following.

    1. Activities short of peace enforcement where the authorisation for the application of force is usually limited to minimum force necessary for self-defence.

    2. Activities, such as the enforcement of sanctions in a relatively benign environment that expose individuals or units to 'hazards' as described above.

    3. Military observer activities with the tasks of monitoring ceasefires, re-directing and alleviating ceasefire tensions, providing 'good offices' for negotiations and the impartial verification of assistance or ceasefire agreements, and other like activities.

    4. Activities that would usually involve the provision of humanitarian relief resultant from acts of violence against humanity.

17.1.9 Establishing a deployment conditions of service package

The following table describes the process for establishing a deployment conditions of service package.

Process
Stage Who Description
1. United Nations of foreign government Forwards a request for ADF participation.
2. Military Strategic Commitments Division Prepares a submission to Minister for Defence, recommending the deployment be declared warlike or non-warlike.
Notes:
a. Defence Intelligence Organisation provides military threat assessment for any likely deployment.
b. Military Strategic Commitments Division liaises with Defence People Group (Director Military Conditions & Housing Policy) on conditions of service.
3. Minister for Defence in consultation with the Prime Minister Declares nature of service and returns to Military Strategic Commitments Division.
Note: Defence People Group (Director Military Conditions & Housing Policy) receives a copy of the declaration from Military Strategic Commitments Division.
4. Defence People Group
(Director Military Conditions & Housing Policy)
  1. Prepares a submission to the Assistant Minister for Defence recommending a rate of deployment or campaign allowance. The submission includes both the following determinations.
    1. A determination under the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004 (the MRC Act).
    2. A determination under the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986.
  2. Draft a submission for MINDEF approval seeking a request from the ATO for tax exemptions
  3. Raises a determination under section 58B of the Defence Act 1903 for signature by Director General People Policy and Employment Conditions, to authorise the rate of deployment allowance.
  4. Completes inter-departmental action.
    1. Forwards the determination under the MRC Act to the Department of Veterans' Affairs. This determination advises the operational area, start date and description of the deployment.
    2. Forwards the determination under the Veterans' Entitlements Act 1986 to the Department of Veterans' Affairs.
    3. Forwards the tax declaration to Treasury, advising the operational area, start date and a description of the deployment. Requests the preparation of an appropriate regulation under the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936.
  5. Promulgates the conditions of service package.

17.1.10 Administering a deployment conditions of service package

The following table describes the process for administering a deployment conditions of service package.

Administering package
Stage Who Description
1. Deputy Commander Joint Operations Prepares an Administrative Staff Instruction detailing conditions of service.
2. Service Chief/Environmental Commander Approves members to be part of the deployed force.
3. Headquarters Joint Operations Command Makes sure members who deploy for each operation are recorded on the PMKeyS operations log.
4. Director Military Remuneration Amends Defence Determination 2016/19, Conditions of service, to include the operation for civil practice support allowance purposes, if appropriate.

17.1.11 Monitoring a deployment conditions of service package

The following tabel describes the process for monitoiring a deployment conditions of service package.

Monitoring package
Stage Who Description
1. Headquarters Joint Operations Command and Military Strategic Commitments Division Monitors the task/role of the deployment.
2. Defence Intelligence Organisation Provides six-monthly military threat assessments or a revised assessment if circumstances change.
3. Defence People Group
(Director Military Conditions & Housing Policy)
Reviews deployment allowance in conjunction with a changed threat assessment.

17.1.12 Closing a deployment conditions of service package

The following table describes the process for closing an operation and ending a deployment conditions of service package.

Ending package
Stage Who Description
1. Headquarters Joint Operations Command and Military Strategic Commitments Division Closes the operation by advising the Minister for Defence that activities have ceased and requests agreement to close the operation.
2. Defence People Group
(Director Military Conditions & Housing Policy)
  1. Advises the Department of Veterans' Affairs to revoke the legislation.
  2. Advises Treasury to withdraw the tax provision.

17.1.13 Deployments approved by the Minister

Annex 17.1.A shows the deployments that have been approved by the Minister since 1982.

Application to Reservists: Yes, on continuous full-time service.




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