ADF Force elements in the Middle East
Joint Task Force 633 (JTF 633)
JTF 633 provides the umbrella Joint Task Force for all Australian forces deployed in the Middle East Area of Operations (MEAO). Its primary Headquarters is based at Al Minhad Airbase in the United Arab Emirates. The current commander is Major General Craig Orme.
205 Coalition Advisory Team - Kandahar
- The Australian led 205 Coalition Advisory Team provides advice and assistance to the Afghan National Army's (ANA) 205 Hero Corps' headquarters staff at Camp Hero in Kandahar province. The Australian team operates from their headquarters at Camp Baker at Kandahar Airfield.
- The Coalition Advisory Team is made up of 20 Australians, eight Americans, four Romanians and 40 Bulgarians, whose mission is to support independent operations conducted by the Afghan National Security Forces.
- The Afghan National Army's 205th Hero Corps assumed lead responsibility for security in Uruzgan on 1 July 2012.
Afghan National Army Officer Academy - Kabul
- The ADF continues to support the development of the ANSF through the provision of advisory support, including provision of 25 staff at the Afghan National Army (ANA) Officer Academy in Kabul with our British and New Zealand colleagues.
- The Australian mentoring staff at the Afghan National Army Officer Academy (ANAOA) are part of the British-led mentoring team at Camp Qargha, west of Kabul at the Afghan National Defence University (ANDU).
- The ANAOA mentoring teams provide train, advise and assist support to all facets of officer training.
- The team also assists the development of instructors who deliver training to Afghan National Army officer cadets.
- ANAOA mentoring team personnel undertake a two-week force preparation course at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in the United Kingdom.
- About 50 Australian personnel provide force protection support to the mentors as part of a force protection platoon.
- The current rotation of force protection personnel are drawn "C" Company, 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment in Townsville.
- They are supported by a small number communications, logistics, maintenance and administration support personnel embedded within the Coalition forces.
Logistics Training Advisory Team - Kabul
- Eleven Australian Defence Force (ADF) logisticians share their expertise with members of the Afghan National Army's (ANA) Central Supply Depot.
- The Australians are part of the NATO Training Mission - Afghanistan's (NTM-A) Logistic Training Advisory Team (LTAT).
- Primarily from the Royal Australian Ordinance Corp, the Australians contribute to LTAT's oversight of the ANA's equipping of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) throughout Afghanistan.
- Over the past four years the ANA's logistics capability has improved, which is vital for the enduring ANSF force that will protect the Afghan population beyond 2014.
Special Forces - Kabul
- Australia has a small number of Special Forces personnel working with the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Special Operations Advisory Group (SOAG) to train, advise and assist ANSF personnel in the Headquarters General Command of Police Special Units in Kabul.
- The identity of SOAG personnel, equipment, training, techniques and procedures are protected to ensure greater safety of the soldiers and their families.
Force Communications Unit
- The Force Communications Unit (FCU) is a joint unit primarily made up of Army and Air Force personnel with a small number of Navy personnel.
- FCU is responsible for the provision of national command and welfare communications and information systems to Joint Task Force 633 (JTF633), supporting National Command and Control Force Elements deployed throughout the MEAO.
- The FCU has elements at every location the Australian Defence Force is deployed in the MEAO.
- Locations range from Headquarters JTF633 in the United Arab Emirates to Kandahar and Kabul in Afghanistan.
- Currently FCU-10 is based on the 1st Signals Regiment from Gallipoli Barracks in Brisbane, the Royal Australian Air Force's No 1 Combat Communication Squadron (Brisbane, Richmond and Newcastle), NSW and a small contingent from Navy. A total of 27 units have representation within FCU 10. This will be the last FCU in the MEAO (FCU 1 commenced operations in September 2008), FCU 10 will be replaced by Force Communications Element 1 in July 2014.
Force Support Unit
- The Force Support Unit (FSU) is an ADF joint unit providing logistic support, personnel support and theatre induction training for Australian Defence Force elements in the MEAO.
- The current Force Support Unit - 9 (FSU-9) is composed of about 110 personnel, primarily from Army, drawn from various units and bases across Australia.
- FSU tasks include managing and distributing supplies and equipment necessary for the conduct of operations and providing postal support throughout the MEAO. The FSU provides numerous theatre wide personnel and administrative support functions including ADF pay, personnel operational recording and honours and awards.
- The FSU is also responsible for reception, staging, onward movement and integration training for all personnel entering the Middle East. This training provides acclimatisation and final preparation for personnel before they move forward to their Task Forces. The training consists of operational briefings, equipment issues, weapons zeroing and combat first aid training.
- The FSU has elements in locations throughout the Middle East including Al Minhad Air Base (HQ), Kandahar and Kabul.
Joint Movements Coordination Centre
- Movements and transport are fundamental enablers to operations. Movement control and coordination involves the planning, routing, scheduling and control of personnel and cargo movements to and from Australia, and throughout the entire MEAO.
- A Joint Movements Coordination Centre (JMCC) is deployed across the MEAO and provides effective and efficient movements support to the deployed forces. The JMCC undertakes the movement planning, control, coordination and execution of this support in accordance with the force's requirements and priorities.
- ADF operations in the MEAO are geographically dispersed and supported by dedicated military transport assets, contracted and commercial air assets, and where required, Royal Australian Navy ships, coalition and commercial road transport assets.
ADF personnel embedded with Coalition Headquarters
- About 100 Australian Defence Force members are embedded across a number of Coalition and ISAF headquarters throughout the MEAO and Afghanistan, providing critical, specialist staff effort in support of military liaisons and combined operations
Royal Australian Navy Units
Royal Australian Air Force Units