General Information

Operation Kruger

Operation Kruger was the Australian Defence Force’s contribution to the provision of security and support for the Australian Embassy and its staff in Iraq. 

The operation came to an end in late July 2011 when the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s civilian contractor assumed responsibility for diplomatic security.


The Australian Defence Force (ADF) provided dedicated security to Australian government officials operating in Iraq since the conclusion of combat operations in 2003 until mid-2011.

The ADF’s Security Detachment (SECDET) Baghdad provided close personal protection for key Australian government officials as well as physical security for the Embassy precinct and protected transport for travel within Baghdad and other areas of Iraq.

During the eight years of security operations, the SECDET adjusted its capability to reflect periods of increasing danger or improved security in post-2003 Iraq. Initially deployed under Operation Catalyst, SECDET transitioned to Operation Kruger on 1 July 2008 and remained in Baghdad after the ADF’s larger commitment to the rehabilitation of Iraq concluded in mid 2009.

In association with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the SECDET gradually scaled back the provision of security and assisted in the transition to a contracted security solution in line with that provided to other Australian diplomatic missions. The complete transfer of security capabilities to the civilian contractor took place in late July 2011.