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Defence Honours & Awards

Honours and Decorations

Unit Citation for Gallantry

The Unit Citation for Gallantry is awarded to a unit for extraordinary gallantry in action.

The award was introduced in 1991.


The insignia of a Unit Citation for Gallantry is a gilt rectangular frame surrounding a deep green ribbon. The frame has a design of flames emanating from the outer edges of the frame to the centre.


The actual citation is a warrant presented to the unit. Insignia are worn by individuals to denote their membership of a unit that has been awarded a citation. Personnel cannot be issued with the insignia until the authorised unit representative, normally the CO, has been formally invested with the citation.

Personnel who were members of the unit when an award was made wear a Federation Star in the centre of the ribbon and continue to wear the insignia after leaving the unit. Army and Air Force dress policy allows personnel who are subsequently posted to the unit to wear the insignia without the Federation Star, but only while actually posted to the unit.

Members of uniformed services wear the insignia in accordance with the dress rules of their Service. In civilian dress serving and ex-serving personnel generally continue to wear these insignia in the same way as they are worn on uniform.

Further Awards

Further awards are recognised by the presentation of a further Certificate of Citation to the unit signed by the Governor-General. Only one insignia of each citation may be worn by a member of the unit. Only one Federation Star device is worn, irrespective of the number of awards made to units to which a member may be posted.

Battles of Fire Support Bases Coral and Balmoral

The extraordinary gallantry displayed by members of the 1st Australian Task Force (Forward) and associated units deployed to Area of Operations SURFERS during the Battles of Fire Support Bases Coral and Balmoral is being recognised by the Unit Citation for Gallantry.

Cited units:

  • 1st Australian Task Force (Forward)
  • 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment
  • 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment
  • A Squadron, 3rd Cavalry Regiment
  • C Squadron, 1st Armoured Regiment
  • 12th Field Regiment, Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery
  • 1st Field Squadron, Royal Australian Engineers

Members of the below units who flew missions in direct support of the Battles, or who were forward deployed to the Fire Support Bases, are also entitled to wear the Citation insignia:

  • No 9 Squadron RAA161 Reconnaissance Flight
  • 161 Reconnaissance Flight

The report on the Inquiry into Unit Recognition for service at the Battles of Fire Support Bases Coral and Balmoral can be viewed on the Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal website.

Source Documents

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette S297 of 4 November 1991 Determination [PDF] [Word]

Commonwealth of Australia Gazette S25 of 4 February 1991 (Letters Patent and Regulations) [PDF] [Word]

Honours and Awards Manual

Chapter 9 Defence Honours and Awards Manual


Application for the Unit Citation for Gallantry.

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