Equipping Defence

Land Combat Vehicle System

Land400 - Compilation image
Project Number:
Land 400

Latest news

On 13 March 2018, Government provided First Pass approval for LAND 400 Phase 3, Infantry Fighting Vehicle and Manoeuvre Support Vehicle capabilities.

This approval allows Defence to investigate options to replace Army’s M113 Armoured Personnel Carriers (APCs) with a fleet of up to 450 modern Infantry Fighting Vehicles and also acquire up to 17 Manoeuvre Support Vehicles.

Industry feedback received from the LAND 400 Phase 2 Mounted Combat Reconnaissance Capability tender process consistently indicated a preference to comment on proposed broad timelines prior to the release of the LAND 400 Phase 3 Request for Tender (RFT).

In addition, Defence is also providing industry an exposure draft of the LAND 400 Phase 3 Request for Tender (RFT). 

These documents can be accessed in the Project Documents section below.

Note – not all draft RFT documents have been released and all documents are SUBJECT TO FURTHER REFINEMENT.


Key Messages

· Defence is seeking an Infantry Fighting Vehicle, with high levels of protection, lethality and mobility, capable of lifting a standard infantry battalion section (minimum of 6 dismounts). Its tactical manoeuvrability characteristics are to be similar to the Australian Army M1 Main Battle Tank fleet to enable combined arms manoeuvre and this manoeuvrability along with operational and strategic mobility on ADF platforms are key discriminators for Defence.

· Defence will select the IFV solution on the basis of whole of life (acquisition and sustainment) fleet costs and the optimal value for money within the funding provision available within the Defence budget.

· Defence’s stated preference is for a tracked and turreted vehicle if this can be achieved within the funding available. However, Defence will consider a mixed fleet of both tracked and wheeled vehicles if this enables fulfilment of the range of IFV missions with better value for money and affordability over the life of the fleet. Accordingly, Defence will seek tenders for a select few options of different Bases of Provisioning in order to achieve this.

· Defence’s final selection will be informed by the whole of life costs of its vehicle fleets across the LAND 400 Program.

RFT Overview



Up to 450 IFVs and Specialist Support vehicles to perform the following roles:

· Direct Fire High Survivability Lift (IFVs)

Infantry Fighting Vehicle

Command and Control

Joint Fires

Engineer Reconnaissance

· Specialist Support




Combat engineer

Up to 17 Manoeuvre Support Vehicles

Indicative Bases of Provisioning inclusive of these roles will be issued with release of the RFT.

Possible Additional roles - Information Sought




In the context of meeting an Initial Operating Capability in FY 2024–25, the Commonwealth requires Industry to demonstrate, via a fully resourced integrated schedule, how it will deliver the first IFV sub-unit with full mission and support systems, training support and its acceptance into service (including all specialist IFV variants) optimised with Army’s Force Generation cycle.

Note: definitions of terms (sub-unit, etc.) will be provided with release of the RFT.


The support system will be built on a collaborative relationship between the Commonwealth, the Prime Contractor and/or the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) for the life of type of the IFV capability.

The support system design is to conform with the Army Maintenance Strategy, providing unrestricted innovation for Australian-based maintenance activities (both in barracks and on domestic exercise) which may include a combination of uniformed, JLC and the OEM workforces at 1st through to 4th line locations; and restricted innovation for maintenance activities on deployment outside of Australia.

Where practicable, the support system will use a Condition-Based Maintenance approach to its development.

Australian Industry Capability (AIC)

The Commonwealth requires Industry to demonstrate how and to what extent AIC will be optimised. Further explanation of this requirement will be provided in the RFT.


Defence’s selection will also be informed by the opportunities to reduce whole of life costs by means of commonality of sub-systems, consumables and training across Phases 2 and 3 of the LAND 400 Program. Accordingly, the RFT will require tenderer responses on specific elements of commonality with the Phase 2 fleet and will seek options for further commonality, but it will also allow responses on alternative sub-systems, consumables and training if they represent better value for money and provide through-life cost savings. This includes the possibility of retrofitting of the Phase 2 fleet with items from the Phase 3 system.

Industry now has an opportunity to comment on the LAND 400 Phase 3 indicative timeline and draft RFT. Defence will receive all feedback electronically, until 9 July 2018, through a dedicated email address (LAND400.Phase3@defence.gov.au).

All feedback received will be treated as commercial in confidence and will be used to finalise the RFT to industry for acquisition and initial support that is planned for release in the second half of 2018.

Project description

LAND 400 will acquire and support the next generation of Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFV) with the firepower, protection and mobility to defeat increasingly firepower and adaptive adversaries well into the future.

LAND 400 will deliver enhanced levels of survivability to the Joint Land Force including sensors, weapons and information systems which will be networked to strategic intelligence platforms.

At its foundation, the program will deliver replacements for the Australian Light Armoured Vehicle (ASLAV) and M113 Armoured Personnel Carrier (APC) fleets.

The program will also provide specialist Manoeuvre Support Vehicles (MSV) to properly enable Army’s combat brigades to undertake joint land combat.

LAND 400 has four discrete phases:

  • LAND 400 Phase 1 – Project Definition Study (completed).
  • LAND 400 Phase 2 – Mounted Combat Reconnaissance Capability, primarily enabled by the Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle (CRV) mission system (the ASLAV replacement).
  • LAND 400 Phase 3 – Mounted Close Combat Capability, primarily enabled by the Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV) (the M113 APC replacement) and MSV mission systems.
  • LAND 400 Phase 4 – Integrated Training System.

Current status

Rheinmetall has been selected to deliver Australia’s new Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle, the Boxer 8x8 CRV, for LAND 400 Phase 2 Mounted Combat Reconnaissance Capability.

Rheinmetall will base their manufacturing hub in South East Queensland (with the main facility in Redbank) and use companies located across Australia.

Industry engagement

Following on from the highly successful Combat Reconnaissance Vehicle Australian industry workshops conducted in 2016, Defence will facilitate another round of Australian industry workshops to support Land 400 Phase 3.

Project documents

LAND 400 Close Combat Storyboard

LAND 400 Phase 3 Indicative Timeline

LAND 400 Phase 3 Draft RFT

Part 1 - Conditions of Tender

Part 2 – Acquisition 

Part 3 – Support

Project references

LAND 400 User Requirement

LAND 400 Concept of Operations

LAND 400 Definitions  


The current planned timeline for LAND 400 is:

  • 13 March 2018 – LAND 400 Phase 2, 2nd pass approval
  • 13 March 2018 – LAND 400 Phase 3, 1st pass approval
  • 2020 - First LAND 400 Phase 2 vehicles available for training

Available tenders

Defence anticipates releasing the LAND 400 Phase 3 RFT in the second half of 2018.

Mail address

Land 400 – Land Combat Vehicle System
Combined Arms Fighting System Branch
Land Systems Division
Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group
Victoria Barracks Melbourne (VBM-J)
256-310 St Kilda Road

Project contact

Senior Advisor – Industry and Communications
Tel: +61 3 9282 4547
Fax: +61 3 9282 7181
Email: LAND400.ContactOfficer@defence.gov.au

Available tenders

Industry Partners

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