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Part 1: Overview

5.1.1 Purpose

This Part gives a general outline of leave for ADF members and describes the various kinds of leave available.

5.1.2 Leave – overview

  1. Each type of leave has conditions that accompany it, and these are described later in this Chapter.

  2. Some leave accrues to a member in return for performing eligible service. Once earned it must be credited to the member, and cannot be removed by the ADF unless this Chapter allows for it. Members may apply for leave at any time, and approving authorities may grant or refuse it. On ceasing continuous full-time service, some leave types provide that any leave not taken (that has not lapsed) will be paid out.

    Examples: Basic recreation leave, long service leave.

  3. Note: In the total workforce model, continuous full-time service may be described as service in Service category 6 or 7. A member who is in Service category 3, 4 or 5 and Service option C is also on continuous full-time service.

  4. Other leave types only apply when the member meets some qualifying criteria. A member who meets the criteria may be granted the leave, but may also be refused. If refused, there is no right to take it at a later time. A later application will be assessed on its merits.

    Examples: Leave without pay, compassionate leave.

    Exception: Maternity leave is the only form of leave that cannot be refused.

  5. Other forms of absence are not an entitlement. They do not accrue and are granted solely at management discretion.

    Examples: Leave to be absent from duty for medical reasons (this is called a medical absence), examination leave, short absence following long or unusual duty.

5.1.2A Salary and allowances during leave

  1. Allowances that are provided under this determination may be paid during a period of leave. This is subject to the conditions for payment of the allowance in other Chapters. It is necessary to refer to the relevant provisions for each allowance.

  2. Examples: Overseas living allowances, location allowances, uniform allowance, rent allowance.

  1. The rate of salary payable to a member on a period of leave is set out in the following relevant provision of DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries.

    1. Leave at full pay – subsection A.1.3.6.

    2. Leave at half pay – subsection A.1.3.7.

    3. Unpaid leave – section A.1.4.

    See: DFRT Determination No. 2 of 2017, Salaries, Part A
    Section A.1.3, Administration of salary
    Section A.1.4, Salary not payable

  2. The payment of allowances determined under section 58H of the Defence Act during a period of leave is set out in the following relevant provision of DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF Allowances.

    1. Leave at full pay – subsection A.1.7.5

    2. Leave at half pay – subsection A.1.7.4.

    3. Unpaid leave – subsection A.1.8.8.

    See: DFRT Determination No. 11 of 2013, ADF Allowances, Part A
    Section A.1.7, Payment arrangements
    Section A.1.8, Cessation of payment

5.1.3 Leave types

  1. Key features of the major ADF leave types are set out in this table.

  2. This table is a summary. For full details of each condition see the relevant part of this Chapter.

    Summary
    Item Leave type Purpose Accrues Comments
    1. Additional recreation leave for non-warlike service To enable a member to obtain relief from military and environmental hazards in an operational area. Y
    2. Additional recreation leave – remote location
    See: Part 4 Division 3 section 5.4.16
    To compensate members for the effects of service over time in a remote location. Y It is automatically credited during eligible service.
    3. Additional recreation leave – sea, field and flight duty (ARL)
    See: Part 4 Division 3

    To compensate members for service in certain situations which are:

    1. under a continuous full-time shipboard routine;

    2. in the field; or

    3. performing military flight duties.

    Y The leave is linked to payment of an associated disability allowance.
    4. Additional recreation leave for training ('trainee leave')
    See: Part 4 Division 6
    Additional recreation leave for training is for a member who must take a break from a course and who does not have enough recreation leave credit to cover the absence. N This form of leave was formerly referred to as trainee leave.
    5. Basic recreation leave (BRL)
    See: Part 4 Division 2
    Recreation leave allows a member time to rest for a substantial period each year or to attend to personal matters. A period of leave should help them remain efficient and effective in their duties. Y It is automatically credited to members.
    6. Carer's leave
    See: Part 9 Division 3
    To allow the member to provide direct care and support to a dependant who is sick
    To allow the member to provide direct care and support to a dependant who cannot be cared for because of another dependant's sickness.
    N It is granted at management discretion.
    7. Compassionate leave
    See: Part 9 Division 2
    To deal with the death, very serious illness or serious illness of a close relative. N It is granted at management discretion.
    8. Examination leave
    See: Part 9 Division 5
    To attend examinations connected with a course of study for which the member is given Commonwealth financial assistance for the payment of fees. N It is granted on occurrence.
    9. Extra recreation leave (ERL)
    See: Part 4 Division 4
    To give a member time for rest after they perform arduous or prolonged hours of duty. Y It is credited at management discretion.
    10. Field leave
    Flying leave
    See: Additional recreation leave – sea, field and flying duty (ARL) – item 3
    11.

    Leave without pay
    See: Chapter 5 Part 8

    To provide for absence from duty where no other leave entitlement is sufficient or appropriate, in circumstances where the member wishes to continue to serve in the Defence Force. N It is granted at management discretion. It is generally regarded as leave of last resort. For a member with a flexible service determination it may be the means by which absences from the workplace are managed.
    12. Long service leave
    See: Part 5
    To provide members who have served for 10 years or more with the opportunity for an extended period away from work. Some previous service may count towards this. Y Long service leave is automatically credited to members. It is a seven-day- week leave type. It is granted for a continuous period of calendar days, including weekends and public holidays.
    13. Maternity leave
    See: Part 6
    The leave recognises the physical aspects of the later stages of pregnancy, childbirth and recovery after childbirth. It also provides time for initial care of the child. N Maternity leave consists of paid and unpaid leave. An application cannot be refused for any reason. New members may not have access to the paid leave component. The leave includes a period of required absence.
    14. Medical absence
    See: Part 3
    To provide the member with paid leave to be absent from duty when unfit for health reasons. N The member can be excused from duty for health reasons that include any of medical, mental health, dental and rehabilitation reasons.
    15. Parental leave
    See: Part 7
    To assist members and their dependants to spend time with their newborn or adopted dependent child. N
    16. Part-time leave without pay
    See: Part 10 Division 2

    To allow members to serve part-time in the Permanent Forces for a period, to meet family, study or other personal commitments.

    Note: In the total workforce model, a member of the Permanent Forces may be described as a member in Service category 6 or 7.

    N It is equivalent to part-time work in civilian employment.
    17. Pre-deployment leave
    See: Part 9 Division 7
    To enable members proceeding on duty to prescribed areas overseas for at least six months to finalise their personal affairs and make their farewells immediately before their departure from Australia. N It is granted subject to operational requirements. Time limits apply.
    18. Remote location leave
    See: Additional recreation leave – remote location – item 2
    19. Seagoing leave
    See: Additional recreation leave – sea, field and flying duty (ARL) – item 3
    20. Short absence
    See: Part 11 Division 1
    To rest and recover. To attend to urgent personal circumstances that a member would not be able to deal with in some other way because of Service requirements. Other types of leave are to be used first. N It is granted at commanders' discretion. It is not a formal leave type and does not accrue.
    21. Short absence for removal purposes
    See: Part 11 Division 2
    To enable members to complete the variety of tasks associated with a removal. N It is granted at commanders' discretion. It is not a formal leave type and does not accrue.
    21A. Short absence when not required for duty
    See: Part 11 Division 3
    To technically cover absence when a member is not required for duty. This includes nights, weekends and stand-down hours. N It is granted at commanders' discretion. It is not a formal leave type and does not accrue.
    22. Short leave
    See: Short absence
    23. Special leave for private purposes
    See: Part 9 Division 4
    To provide the specified members with a period of leave equal to a period of recreation leave credits that have expired. N It applies to the CDF, VCDF and Service Chiefs only.
    24. Trainee leave
    See: Additional recreation leave for training ('trainee leave') – item 4
    25. Travelling leave
    See: Part 9 Division 6
    To enable eligible members to spend all the leave period granted at the leave destination, regardless of location. N It is granted on occurrence.
    26. War service leave
    See: Part 8
    To provide an additional leave benefit for members who were on warlike service, to allow them to adjust back to living in Australia and rest from the rigours of warlike service. Y War service leave is intended to be taken on return to Australia from warlike service. It must be taken before recreation leave.

Application to Reservists: Yes, in certain circumstances.



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