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Part 1: General conditions and definitions

16.1.1 Purpose

The purpose of the overseas hardship package is to provide assistance for members and their dependants beyond that covered by normal overseas conditions of service to compensate for difficulties or hardships experienced on either of these kinds of overseas service.

  1. Long-term posting at certain posting locations overseas.

  2. Short-term duty at certain overseas locations (for location allowance and additional recreation leave only).

16.1.2 Definitions

This table defines terms that apply in this Chapter.

Definition
Term Definition in this Chapter
Capital city Means the capital city in Australia with the lowest allowable travel cost where the locations for the allowable travel costs are the member's posting location and a capital city in Australia other than Hobart or Darwin.
See: Chapter 12 section 12.3.3, Allowable travel cost
Hardship location Means one of the following locations.
  1. For a member posted before 1 July 2017 – a location listed in Annex 16.A column 1.
  2. For a member posted on or after 1 July 2017 – a location listed in Annex 16.B column 1.
Provisional hardship location Has the meaning given by section 16.1.8.
Regional leave centre Means a location listed as a regional leave centre in Annex 16.A Part 1 column 3 or Annex 16.B column 3.
Note: These locations provide access to medical and dental treatment and other necessary goods and services.
Relief leave centre Means a location listed as a relief leave centre in Annex 16.A Part 1 column 3 or Annex 16.B column 3.
Note: These locations provide relief from adverse climatic, security and social conditions.
See: Part 4 section 16.4.6 for more information about the basis for providing leave centres.

See:
Annex 16.A, Hardship post conditions of service – member posted before 1 July 2017
Annex 16.B, Hardship post conditions of service – member posted on or after 1 July 2017

See also: Chapter 12 Part 3
Section 12.3.9A for the definition of Member posted before 1 July 2017
Section 12.3.9B for the definition of Member posted on or after 1 July 2017

16.1.3 Member this Chapter applies to

This Chapter applies to a member performing duty in a hardship location.

See:
Annex 16.A, Hardship post conditions of service – member posted before 1 July 2017
Annex 16.B, Hardship post conditions of service – member posted on or after 1 July 2017

Note: For specific information about the eligibility for each component of the hardship package, refer to the appropriate Part in this Chapter.

16.1.4 Member this Chapter does not apply to

This Chapter does not apply to a member on warlike or non-warlike deployments.

Note: All conditions of service for deployments are set out in Chapter 17.

See: Chapter 17, Warlike and non-warlike deployments

16.1.5 The dual Commonwealth benefit rule

  1. This section applies to a member if both of the following apply to their spouse or partner.

    1. They are posted to the same location as the member.

    2. They are eligible for a benefit from the Commonwealth that is for the same or comparable purpose to those provided under this Part.

  2. This section only applies to a member if a benefit under this Part provides that it applies.

  3. The member ceases to be eligible for the benefit in the following circumstances.

    1. Their spouse or partner is also a member or a Defence employee and the following conditions apply.

      1. The spouse or partner has a higher salary than the member.

      2. The member has nominated the spouse or partner to receive the benefit.

    2. Their spouse or partner is not a member or a Defence employee and the member has not advised that the spouse or partner is not receiving the same or comparable benefit.

    Example: A member is posted to Jakarta Indonesia. The member's spouse is an APS employee in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and is on a long-term posting to Jakarta for the same period as the member. The member is eligible for the location allowance. The member's spouse is paid location allowance by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The member is not eligible for the benefit.

16.1.6 Hardship package

The hardship package consists of:

Hardship package
Item Allowance Reference
1. Hardship allowance – member posted before 1 July 2017.
2. Location allowance – member posted on or after 1 July 2017.
3. Additional recreation leave – member posted before 1 July 2017.
4. Additional recreation leave – member posted on or after 1 July 2017.
5. Assisted leave travel and excess baggage.
6. Accommodation on unavoidable stopovers.
7. Assistance in extraordinary circumstances.
8. Special location allowances.

16.1.7 Basis for hardship package

  1. Hardship locations are graded on factors that indicate if a location is harder to live in than Australia. Each factor earns points that determine the hardship grade for that location. The hardship grade determines the rate of hardship allowance. Not all grades attract payment of the allowance.

  2. This table lists the factors that are assessed and what they include.

    Assessment factors
    Item Item Description
    1. Climate The climate comparison between Australia and the post. Also considers natural disasters and air pollution at the post.
    2. Health The quality and availability of health care at the post.
    3. Language and culture A comparison of the first and second languages spoken at the post and in Australia.
    4. Goods and services The quality and availability of goods and services at the post.
    5. Isolation The distance between the post and Australia, frequency and reliability of external air travel and the standard of internal transport and communication.
    6. Social network and leisure The ability to enjoy free time, news, media, an expatriate community and recreation facilities.
    7. Housing, utilities and education The quality and availability of suitable housing and utilities as well as the availability of international schools, the curriculum taught, the language of the school and the age range of suitable education.
    8. Personal security The level of criminal activity and social tensions at the post, and their effect on personal safety.
  3. The overseas posting location is assessed based on items under subsection 2. The items are assigned a ranking according to six categories. The categories range from A (the least difficult) to F (the most difficult). They are reviewed annually by the data service provider.

16.1.8 Provisional hardship locations

  1. The CDF may decide that a location is a provisional hardship location.

  2. If a decision is made under subsection 1, the CDF must also make the following decisions for the location.

    1. Approve a hardship location grade for the location.

    2. See: Part 1 section 16.1.7, Basis for hardship package

    3. Fix a period of up to three months in which the provisional grade applies.

    Note: Section 16.1.9 applies.

    See: Section 16.1.9, Criteria for decisions

16.1.9 Criteria for decisions

  1. The section applies to decision under subsections 16.1.8, 16.2.5.1 and 16.2A.4.1.

  2. The CDF must consider all of the following criteria.

    1. Whether the ADF is required to provide humanitarian aid, disaster relief or reconstruction assistance.

    2. The level of assistance required of the ADF.

    3. The level of hardship expected.

    4. The nature of the duties expected.

    5. The expected duration of duty at the location.

    6. Any other factors relevant to the location.

Application to Reservists: Yes, on continuous full-time service.




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