Australia is a strong supporter of international efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and is an active member of major international arms control treaties and multilateral export control regimes.
These arrangements help reduce the threat environment for both Australia and the international community. Australia's national export control system is the mechanism for ensuring that Australia upholds its international non-proliferation obligations by regulating the export of controlled goods.
Export controls play a key role in preventing illegitimate activity. The control over the export of defence and strategic dual-use goods is an integral part of Australia's arms control and counter-proliferation efforts. Effective export controls rest on an interlocking set of national and international laws, and industry awareness and compliance are prerequisites for their success.
The export of defence goods or dual-use goods and technologies may be denied as a result of Australian national interests or other international obligations. Australia's national export control system is the mechanism for ensuring that Australia upholds its international non-proliferation obligations.
Australia's non-proliferation initiatives are coordinated by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. More information on Australia's efforts in this are is available on DFAT's Non Proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament webpage.