It is important to note that much of the collaboration activities taking place within the life sciences academic and research community consist of information that is “basic scientific research ” or that is already “in the public domain ”. Such information is exempt from export controls. Increasingly, research is conducted through the combined efforts of researchers located around the world, and Australian researchers will be located in different countries while conducting their research.
Different permit obligations will apply depending upon the actual circumstances of the relationship and the means by which any supply activity between a person in Australia and a person who is overseas occurs.
A permit is not required if the sender and recipient are the same “person ”. The definition of “person ” includes supplies between employees of the same body corporate (including an institution), wherever located. Australian companies that are part of multinational corporations should note though, for the purposes of the legislation a body corporate extends only to the Australian registered entity.
EXAMPLE: A permit is not required when a researcher, working on a DSGL-listed pathogen, uploads controlled technology to a shared environment and that same researcher later accesses that technology while overseas.
EXAMPLE: A permit is not required when a researcher, working on a DSGL-listed pathogen, uploads controlled technology to a shared environment which is then accessed by another researcher employed by the same institution while overseas.
Researchers that are part of multinational research collaborations efforts will often use various collaborative methods of sharing ‘DSGL technology’ rather than point-to-point transfers such as email or file transfer. A common situation is where the researchers store the research findings in a shared environment (e.g. server, server hub, repository, document sharing program or online data sharing environment).
A “person ” located in Australia makes a supply when doing one of the following things: