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S8C9 - GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
Table of Contents
1. Ground Support Equipment (GSE) is an integral element of aircraft support and has the potential to impact on operational and technical airworthiness.
2. This chapter prescribes the Approved Maintenance Organisation (AMO) responsibilities when managing GSE.
Systems Program Office
3. The aircraft weapon system Systems Program Office (SPO) is responsible for:
Ground Support Equipment Item Managers
4. Items of specific GSE used to support aircraft weapons systems may be managed by item managers within:
5. The GSE item manager is responsible for functions associated with technical equipment logistics support, such as, but not limited to:
Senior Maintenance Manager
6. The Senior Maintenance Manager (SMM) of an AMO is responsible for ensuring the following:
7. The SMM may delegate these responsibilities to a GSE manager.
8. Maintenance Managers (MMs) are responsible for ensuring that:
Personnel Operating Ground Support Equipment
9. Operators are responsible for ensuring:
Authorisation to use Ground Support Equipment on Aircraft and Aeronautical Product
10. GSE authorised for use when maintaining aircraft/aeronautical product includes:
Authorisation to Operate Ground Support Equipment
11. When an aircraft/aeronautical product maintenance process is authorised in the record of training and employment documentation, authorisation to operate the GSE directly supporting the process is inclusive. Equipment that provides indirect support, eg power carts, must be authorised separately.
12. Pre-requisite qualification requirements for AMO maintenance personnel provide a basic level of operational competence on standard and common tools of trade, eg a qualified avionics technician is trained and competent to operate a standard multimeter. Qualified AMO maintenance technicians do not require additional authorisation to operate standard hand tools and tools of trade.
13. The SMM or delegate must authorise appropriately trained personnel to operate GSE not considered to be standard or common tools of trade, in their record of training and employment documentation.
14. Non-Technical Personnel. Non-technical personnel are authorised to operate GSE in accordance with Section 2 Chapter 3-Task Authorisation of Non-Technical Personnel (Other than Aircrew).
15. Licences. A licence certifies that a person is competent to drive/operate an item of equipment. It is not an authorisation to operate GSE when supporting maintenance on aircraft/aeronautical product. All personnel must be authorised by the SMM or delegate prior to operating GSE in support of AMO activities.
16. Licences are required to drive vehicles and some ancillary equipment, eg tow motors. Licences attained to support AMO maintenance requirements must be annotated in the record of training and employment. Refer to DRTM—Defence Road Transport Manual for further policy on licence requirements.
Authorisation to Maintain Ground Support Equipment
17. GSE authorised maintenance venues are identified in the applicable TMP. The SMM or delegate must authorise personnel to perform, supervise and inspect maintenance of designated GSE in accordance with Section 2 Chapter 3 (for non-technical personnel), Section 2 Chapter 2 (for aircrew), or Section 2 Chapter 1 as applicable.
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
18. The AMO is responsible for managing GSE maintenance in accordance with the maintenance policy established in relevant TMP, equivalent publications, maintenance manuals and instructions. To meet this requirement in an efficient manner, the AMO must operate a maintenance management tool or system to coordinate and track the following information:
19. The main tool currently used to support aspects of maintenance management is Military Integrated Logistics Information System – Maintenance Module (MILIS‑MM).
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT POLICY
Technical Maintenance Plans
20. There are a number of engineering, maintenance and logistics organisations responsible for managing GSE. In addition, there are a number of TMPs that promulgate maintenance policy for various items of GSE. An understanding of the Defence organisations responsible for the engineering and logistics management of GSE is required to establish the relevant TMP/Instruction for an individual item of equipment. Organisational responsibilities for the management of GSE are as follows:
21. Information on item managers responsible for specific items of GSE can be established using the Logistic Management Area Designator (LMAD) code on MILIS.
Hierarchy of Technical Maintenance Plans
22. When the technical maintenance requirements for items of GSE are detailed in more than one policy document or maintenance plan, the following hierarchical order applies:
Maintenance Policy Variation
23. The SPO responsible for authorising GSE used on a weapon system may tailor the maintenance policy for Common Use GSE, or GSE managed by LSD, to meet a Weapon System requirement. This is to be carried out in consultation with the managing SPO. Tailored maintenance policy for this equipment will normally be promulgated in the applicable aircraft TMP, aircraft GSE TMP or NAP 7069.001–7. This tailored policy has precedence over the policy promulgated in Common Use GSE or EMEI TMPs.
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE DOCUMENTATION
24. Policy on GSE maintenance documentation requirements is promulgated in a number of publications. The following paragraphs provide a basic overview of the principal GSE policy documents.
Maintenance Control and Administration
25. Policy addressing maintenance control and the administration of documentation associated with GSE managed by Aerospace Systems Division SPOs/Systems Support Office (SSO), with the exception of NASPO managed GSE, is promulgated in AAP 7001.006-1-Technical Maintenance Control and Associated Documentation. Policy for GSE managed by LSD SPOs/SSOs is detailed in the TRAMM-L. Policy for common T&ME is detailed in AAP 7600.001-14(AM1)-Test and Measuring Equipment Calibration Management and Handling Procedures Manual.
Ground Support Equipment Logs
26. Log requirements for each item of GSE are detailed in Part 3 of the applicable TMP. Publications providing support policy for the logs are normally listed in Part 1 of the TMP.
AA Series Calibration Labels
27. The AA series of calibration labels and tags are used within Defence to indicate the calibration of ADF test and measuring equipment. A full description and purpose of the labels and tags used by ADF Calibration is contained in AAP 7600.001–14(AM1).
28. Serviceable labels are used to certify GSE serviceability. Instruction on the use of Serviceable Labels is promulgated in Section 5 Chapter 1 Annex A-Aeronautical Product Serviceable and Unserviceable Labels. Serviceable labels are not required when:
29. All serviceable T&ME that is being returned to stores must have a serviceable label attached.
30. When it is impractical to attach serviceable labels to GSE, the labels must be retained in a location where confirmation of equipment serviceability status can be established promptly.
31. Except where other approved forms are used to indicate the unserviceability status of specific GSE, all unserviceable GSE must be identified by unserviceable labels in accordance with Section 5 Chapter 1 Annex A.
32. Fully functional tags/labels (AD204 and AD205) and XX–Do not use labels/tags (AD210 and AD196) are interchangeable with the Serviceable and Unserviceable labels as the intent of both sets of terminology are the same. The restricted use label/tags (AD198 and AD207) are authorised for use on GSE, where appropriate.
Reports on Defective Ground Support Equipment
33. Defective Ground Support Equipment must be reported as follows:
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS
Generic Transportation Requirements
34. DEF(AUST)1000C-Australian Defence Force Packaging Standard provides guidance for personnel involved with processes including, but not limited to packing, handling and transportation of equipment. This standard must be used by Air Force, Army, Navy and ADF contractor AMOs.
Specific Transportation Requirements
35. Additional preparation for transportation requirements may be promulgated in GSE maintenance or operation documentation. There are also a number of publications/instructions that address air transportation, SPO/SSO requirements, and other specific information. Examples include, but are not limited to the following:
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COLOUR SCHEMES
36. GSE must be individually assessed for colour requirements. If there is no specific colour requirement for an item of GSE, the original paint colour must be maintained at least until the next repaint. Most items of GSE utilised on flight lines, tarmacs or designated hard stand areas are painted in accordance with AAP 7600.500–14M.
37. Safety and protective equipment fitted to aircraft when not in operation, eg. covers and blanks should be coloured and/or identifiable as per ASIC Air Standard (AIR STD) 25/3C Annex A—Aircraft Servicing, Hazard and Emergency Markings. Other items that are fitted to the aircraft when not in operation, eg. blade fold equipment and gust locks which have been supplied by the OEM or manufactured must be approved by the AEO. These items must be contrasting in colour, provide a high level of visibility and be readily identifiable.
38. On operational deployment, the colour of GSE may be altered at the Deployment Commanders discretion, but alternative means of camouflage should be employed where possible.
39. Prior to painting GSE, all instructions, warnings and safety notices must be noted or removed, and replaced on completion. Any data plates permanently affixed to GSE are not to be painted over. To identify the contents of GSE used in the replenishment and servicing of aircraft, the applicable identification symbols and codes must be applied in accordance with ASIC Air Standard (AIR STD) 25/3C—Aircraft Servicing, Hazard and Emergency Markings.
GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT USED IN HAZARDOUS AREAS
40. For instructions on the operation of electrically driven/powered GSE within a Restricted Area refer to Section 8 Chapter 2.
41. Guidance on authorisation requirements and SMM responsibilities applicable to electrical GSE used in hazardous zones is promulgated in AS/NZS 60079.10.1 (latest edition) Explosive Atmospheres -Classification of areas – Explosive gas atmospheres and AS/NZS 2380.1(latest edition)-Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres – Explosive-protection techniques – General requirements. These publications also provide guidance on:
DISPOSAL OF SURPLUS GROUND SUPPORT EQUIPMENT
42. Surplus GSE are those assets that are either:
43. For the disposal of Surplus GSE refer to DEFLOGMAN Pt 2 Vol 5 Chap 10 - Defence Disposal Policy
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