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S3C10A - MANAGEMENT OF ARMY SPECIFIC EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE MAINTENANCE
Table of Contents
1. The requirement to operate Army aircraft with armament systems and fitted with Explosive Ordnance (EO) in the field demands unique maintenance management requirements.
2. This annex supplements the information provided in, and is to be read in conjunction with Section 3 Chapter 10—Management of Aircraft Explosive Ordnance Maintenance.
ARMY EO MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES
3. The Approved Maintenance Organisation (AMO) must have a formal and effective management structure for dealing with all armament and EO matters. This management structure incorporates all procedures and regulatory requirements including Standing Instructions (SIs) and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).
Senior Maintenance Manager
4. The Senior Maintenance Manager (SMM) or delegate is responsible to the CO for the management, authorisation, certification, and currency of all personnel who handle EO and conduct maintenance on any armament aircraft system for, or on behalf of the AMO.
5. The Armament Engineer (ArmE) is responsible to the SMM for:
Ammunition Technical Officer/Ammunition Technician
6. The Ammunition Technical Officer (ATO)/Ammunition Technician (AT) is responsible to the CO for implementing approved armament policies, procedures and safety instructions for storage, handling, use and transport of EO. The ATO/AT is specifically responsible for:
Line Safety Controller
7. The Line Safety Controller LSC is to be appointed from suitability qualified personnel (minimum rank of SGT) who are then authorised to independently monitor all safety aspects relating to the loading or unloading of EO, to or from an aircraft. Stores loading operations are to be carried out under the control of a LSC whenever an explosive hazard safety concern may exist.
8. While there is no requirement for the LSC to be a technical tradesman, only personnel who are qualified and current on the weapon system may be appointed as a LSC. To achieve this authorisation, personnel are to demonstrate to the SMM or delegate a complete knowledge and understanding of all procedures and hazards involved in loading and unloading armament operations.
9. Prior to commencing EO operations, the LSC is to ensure the following instructions are observed:
EO REPLENISHMENT TASKS PERFORMED BY NON-TECHNICAL PERSONNEL
Loading of Weapon Systems
10. Army aircraft may be fitted with a variety of stores delivery systems. The loading and unloading of these systems is a responsibility of authorised aircrew and ground personnel.
11. Aircraft Stores Loading Team. The Aircraft Stores Loading Team is a group of authorised personnel either Ground Crew or Aircrew employed to load aircraft stores, including EO, onto an aircraft and change the state of readiness of an aircraft stores delivery system. In times of operational necessity, suitably trained, qualified and authorised maintenance personnel may be included in the team. EO tasks that the loading team are responsible for include:
12. EO Replenishment Trade Supervisor. For the purpose of carrying out authorised tasks identified herein, suitably qualified, authorised and experienced personnel may perform progressive and/or post loading inspections.
The LSC and Independent Inspector may only combine duties with prior approval of COMD 16 Aviation Brigade (16 Avn Bde).
13. EO Replenishment Independent Inspector. For the purpose of carrying out authorised tasks identified herein, suitably qualified and authorised personnel may be appointed to perform applicable independent inspections.
14. Army Specific EO Duties and Responsibilities. Army Specific EO Duties and responsibilities of the Loading Operators, Trade Supervisors and Independent Inspector are contained within applicable aircraft stores loading manuals.
Aircraft Equipment Tasks
15. The following is a breakdown of tasks which may be performed by authorised personnel:
Replenishment during EO Loading and Unloading (FARPs/Forward Operating Base (FOB))
Hazards to personnel may exist during armed aircraft refuelling operations. Armed aircraft must be made safe prior to commencement of refuelling operations.
Armament procedures and fuelling operations are not to be carried out simultaneously on the same aircraft. During declared contingencies this restriction may be varied by the responsible command.
16. Refuelling Operations. Refuelling operations are not to commence until the aircraft has been verified SAFE in accordance with applicable loading manuals. All refuelling operations are to be carried out prior to the commencement of any loading or unloading procedures.
MAINTENANCE OF WEAPONS SYSTEMS
Maintenance operations must not to be conducted concurrently with EO loading and unloading operations on the same aircraft.
17. All on-aircraft maintenance of aircraft weapon systems is to be performed by trained and authorised aircraft technical personnel.
Armament Maintenance Team
18. The maintenance team is a group of trained, qualified and authorised personnel employed to carry out on-aircraft maintenance and repair on the aircraft armament weapon system.
19. The maintenance team responsibilities are:
20. Maintenance may be carried out on armed aircraft at the discretion of the Armament Engineer (ArmE), provided the following additional conditions are observed:
At no time is maintenance to be conducted upon an aircraft’s communication, fire control or weapons systems while loaded EO remains fitted to the aircraft.
21. Maintenance is not to be conducted on aircraft loaded with or containing EO if that maintenance involves:
Maintenance Mandatory Requirements
22. Maintenance may only be conducted on aircraft containing, loaded, installed or stowed EO in accordance with the following requirements:
23. When there is a requirement to carry out a Flight Servicing on an aircraft, which already has Loaded EO, the conditions for maintenance as detailed in this chapter are to be observed.
RECOVERY ACTION FOR DAMAGED AIRCRAFT
24. When an armed aircraft sustains damage the detachment commander and ArmE officer are to assess the situation and decide on the appropriate course of action. An Armament Safety Team is to be deployed to the aircraft once both the detachment commander and the ArmE officer approve the composition of this team. For further guidance refer to AAP 6734.001 - Defence Aviation Safety Manual and AAP 6730.002 - Aviation Accident Work Health and Safety Manual.
25. Stores Loading Team Members. Prior to appointment on aircraft stores loading teams, personnel are to have completed formal training in the tasks authorised herein, and in accordance with a syllabus prepared by the Army Aviation Training Centre (AAvnTC). Training is to cover all aspects of preparation, loading, unloading, turnaround procedures and No volts tests, for the stores delivery systems of applicable aircraft. Loading/unloading of the MAG58 machine guns and their installation/removal to or from aircraft mounts is also to be addressed by the training for applicable aircraft types.
26. Instructors. Only authorised aircrew or ground crew who satisfy the requirements specified in LWP–G 7–3–7—Army Aviation Airborne Range Orders and who are authorised by the SMM or delegate are to act as in-unit instructors for the tasks covered in this annex.
Record of Training and Authorisations
27. Assessment. Personnel are to be assessed by a suitable and qualified assessor in accordance with Section 7 Chapter 4—Competency Based Training and Assessment for Army Aviation Technicians and 16 AVN BDE SI(LOG) 7–201—Technical Trade Training Requirements.
28. Authorisation. Authorisations are to be promulgated in the record of training and employment recording documents, such as the Aviation Technical Training Record (AATTR)/Competency Log Books as applicable, and certified in accordance with ADF Technical Airworthiness Regulation 4. 5—Personnel Requirements.
29. Withdrawal of Authorisation. Withdrawal of authorisations must be conducted in accordance with Section 2 Chapter 1—Maintenance Authorisations.
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