Workforce Overview

The workforce overview is in two parts. The first section contains information on average funded strength during 2007-08, which is used by Defence for budget and management purposes. It provides a measure of Defence's performance against its budget and personnel estimates for the financial year. The second section contains information on the ADF workforce, enlistments and separations. Information on the actual number of people employed by Defence as at 30 June 2008 appears in Appendix 1 - Staffing and Remuneration.

Defence Workforce: Budget Aspect

This section provides information on actual and budgeted average staffing levels for the year.

The increase in average funded strength for ADF permanent members comprised improved recruitment and retention outcomes, as shown in Table 4.1, especially for the Navy and the Air Force, and increases in the number of Reservists undertaking full-time service. The average funded strength for ADF Reservists on continuous full-time service in 2007-08 was 1,704, comprising Navy 408, Army 1,067 and Air Force 229, compared to 1,364 in 2006-07.

The increased staffing level moves the ADF towards meeting the planned growth over the next 10 years. This growth is needed to achieve the Hardened Networked Army and Enhanced Land Force initiatives, including an additional two infantry battalions.

Table 4.1 ADF Permanent Force Average Funded Strength[1] [2]
  2006-07
Actual
2007-08
Budget
Estimate
2007-08
Revised
Estimate[3]
2007-08
Actual
Variation[4] (%)
Navy 12,690 12,899 12,899 12,935 36 0.3
Army 25,525 26,126 26,693 26,611 -82 -0.3
Air Force 13,289 13,480 13,517 13,621 104 0.8
Total Average Funded Strength 51,504 52,505 53,109 53,167 58 0.8

Notes

  1. Figures in this table are average funded strengths: they are not a 'headcount'. Reservists undertaking full-time service are included in the figures. Personnel on forms of Leave Without Pay are not included.
  2. Includes ADF members in the DMO.
  3. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  4. 2007-08 achievement compared to the Revised Estimate; as a difference and a percentage.

Table 4.2 shows the number of Reservists who rendered paid service during 2007-08. In 2007-08, 20,340 Reservists undertook paid service, 778 more than in 2006-07.

In 2007-08, 1,795 Navy Reservists undertook paid service, with the decrease due primarily to lower than anticipated retention and recruitment achievement. For the Army the increase against the revised estimate is due to improved retention initiatives.

The 153 overachievement in paid Air Force Reserve workforce was a consequence of higher than anticipated retention of serving members and greater interest in former Permanent Air Force (PAF) members seeking transfer to the paid elements of the Reserve. The Air Force Reserve restructure, which now embeds Reservists into regular PAF units, has proven to be highly popular with Air Force personnel.

Table 4.2 ADF Reserve Paid Strength[1] [2] [3]
  2006-07
Actual
2007-08
Budget
Estimate
2007-08
Revised
Estimate[4]
2007-08
Actual
Variation[5] %
Navy 1,730 1,900 1,900 1,795 -105 -5.5
Army 15,413 15,130 15,130 15,892 762 5.0
Air Force 2,419 2,500 2,500 2,653 153 6.1
Total Paid Reserves 19,562 19,530 19,530 20,340 810 4.1

Notes

  1. Excludes the 1,704 Reservists in 2007-08 who undertook full-time service in the Permanent Force. These are included in Table 4.1.
  2. Includes Reservists in the DMO.
  3. Includes the High Readiness Reserve Force, Active Reserve Force and Specialist Reserve Force.
  4. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  5. 2007-08 Actual compared with the Revised Estimate.

Table 4.3 shows details of the APS average strength, expressed as full-time equivalents, for 2007-08. This excludes the DMO's APS workforce, which is shown in the Defence Annual Report 2007-08 Volume 2. The average strength achievement was 15,087, an increase of 263 compared with the revised estimate of 14,824. Additional civilian staffing has been necessary to support capability growth, sustaining support to operations and growing the ADF. Action is in train to reduce APS staffing numbers to agreed guidance.

Table 4.3 APS Full-Time Equivalent Average[1] [2]
  2006-07
Actual
2007-08
Budget
Estimate
2007-08
Revised
Estimate[3]
2007-08
Actual
Variation[4] (%)
Total APS (Full-Time Equivalent -Average) 14,516 14,658 14,824 15,087 263 1.8

Notes

  1. Figures in the table are average full-time equivalent (FTE); they are not a headcount.
  2. This table excludes workforce data from the DMO.
  3. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  4. 2007-08 actual compared with the revised estimate, as a difference and a percentage.
Professional Service Providers

In addition to military and APS employees, Defence engages contractors with specialist skills to fill certain vacancies requiring particular expertise. Table 4.4 details the number of contractors engaged by Defence to fill positions in 2007-08, expressed as an average strength and shows a decrease of 545 against the revised estimate. This decrease is due to a reduction in the number of contractors required to provide health services to the ADF. There was an overall decrease of 190 PSPs from the previous financial year.

Table 4.4 PSP Average Funded Strength[1]
  2006-07
Actual
2007-08
Budget
Estimate
2007-08
Revised
Estimate[2]
2007-08
Actual
Variation[3]
Total PSP Average Funded Strength 810 1,171 1,165 620 -545

Notes

  1. This table excludes the PSP workforce data for the DMO.
  2. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  3. 2007-08 actual compared to the revised estimate.
Average Staffing Summary

Table 4.5 shows the average funded strength summary by Service, rank and level groupings, including the full-time equivalent average for APS and PSPs.

Table 4.5 Average Funded Strength by Service and Rank and Level[1] [2]
  2006-07
Actual
2007-08
Budget
Estimate
2007-08
Revised
Estimate[3]
2007-08
Actual
Navy Star-ranked officers 44 46 46 50
Senior officers 453 470 470 474
Junior officers 2,502 2,668 2,732 2,583
Other Ranks 9,691 9,715 9,651 9,828
Sub-total Permanent Navy 12,690 12,899 12,899 12,935
Reserves 1,730 1,900 1,900 1,795
Sub-total Navy 14,420 14,799 14,799 14,730
Army Star-ranked officers 65 66 73 75
Senior officers 691 699 734 720
Junior officers 4,902 4,992 4,991 5,044
Other ranks 19,867 20,369 20,895 20,772
Sub-total Permanent Army 25,525 26,126 26,693 26,611
Reserves 15,413 15,130 15,130 15,892
Sub-total Army 40,938 41,256 41,823 42,503
Air Force Star-ranked officers 40 39 45 51
Senior officers 540 538 560 574
Junior officers 3,552 3,619 3,676 3,712
Other ranks 9,157 9,284 9,236 9,284
Sub-total Permanent Air Force 13,289 13,480 13,517 13,621
Reserves 2,419 2,500 2,500 2,653
Sub-total Air Force 15,708 15,980 16,017 16,274
APS Senior executives 97 108 115 103
Senior executive relief staff[4] 11 - - 18
Senior officers[5] 3,377 3,710 3,826 3,485
Senior officer relief staff[4] 279 - - 426
Others 10,752 10,840 10,883 11,055
Sub-total APS[6][7] 14,516 14,658 14,824 15,087
PSPs[6] 810 1,171 1,165 620
Total Average Funded Strength 86,392 87,864 88,628 89,214

Notes

  1. The figures in this table are average funded strength for ADF members and full-time equivalent average for APS members; they are not a headcount.
  2. Reserve AFS is not calculated; refer to Table 4.2 for Reserve paid strength details.
  3. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  4. Relief staff represents the full-time average of personnel acting within a higher classification for short duration pending permanent filling action or while the incumbents are taking leave, acting in higher positions or are on secondment to other agencies.
  5. Senior officers comprise substantive Executive Levels 1 and 2.
  6. The figures for APS personnel and professional service providers do not include APS data from the DMO.
  7. PSPs are contractors filling line positions.
Employee Expenses

Employee expenses totaled $7,510.3m, or $18.5m more than the revised estimate of $7,491.8m.

Table 4.6 Variations in employee expenses
  2007-08
Budget
Estimate
($m)
2007-08
Revised
Estimate [1]
($m)
2007-08
Actual
result
($m)
Variation[2]


($m)
Variation[2]


(%)
Permanent ADF
Salaries, allowances, superannuation & leave liability[3] 4,897.0 5,098.8 5,027.0 -71.8 -1.4
Housing 453.3 466.8 504.3 37.5 8.0
Health Services 199.3 203.4 222.0 18.6 9.1
Fringe Benefits tax 285.3 286.8 295.6 8.8 3.1
Sub-total ADF 5,834.9 6,055.8 6,049.0 -6.9 -0.1
Reserves
Navy Reserves 24.5 25.2 25.8 0.6 2.3
Army Reserves 126.0 126.3 129.8 3.5 2.8
Air Force Reserves 35.9 35.9 34.5 -1.4 -4.0
Sub-total Reserves 186.4 187.5 190.1 2.7 1.4
Total ADF employee expenses 6,021.3 6,243.3 6,239.1 -4.2 -0.1
APS
Salaries, allowances, superannuation & leave liability 1,277.1 1,242.3 1,266.0 23.7 1.9
Other expenses, including fringe benefits tax 6.2 6.2 5.3 -1.0 -15.7
Total APS employees expense 1,283.3 1,248.5 1,271.2 22.7 1.8
Total employee expenses 7,304.6 7,491.8 7,510.3 18.5 0.2

Notes

  1. As published in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2007-08.
  2. 2007-08 actual compared with the revised estimate as a difference (in $m) and as a percentage.
  3. Includes the Superannuation Guarantee Charge.