Chapter Two > Outcome Five: Strategic Policy > Capability Performance Information

Outcome Five: Strategic Policy

Capability Performance Information

Performance Targets

Output 5.1 Capability for Strategic and International Policy, Activities and Engagement

This output provides strategic and international policy advice to the Government to enable it to make sound judgements on, and develop appropriate responses to, changes in Australia's strategic circumstances, and on specific security issues as they arise. It also applies strategic policy guidance to assist the development of recommendations to the Government on international engagement activities and initiatives.

Performance Targets Performance
The Government is provided with comprehensive and timely strategic policy advice on current and emerging international defence issues. Substantially Achieved. Defence provided comprehensive and timely strategic policy advice to the Government that contributed to the achievement of Australia's strategic objectives. This included policy advice in support of a range of ministerial visits to foreign countries. Defence also provided advice on:
  • issues associated with the effort to stabilise and rebuild Iraq;
  • advancing Australia's alliance objectives with the United States in areas such as missile defence and interoperability;
  • the UN peacekeeping operation in East Timor;
  • the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands;
  • the Enhanced Cooperation Program with Papua New Guinea (including further support to the Papua New Guinea Government's defence reform program);
  • defence relations with the wider Asian region; and
  • the development of defence cooperation with other nations.
Issues related to the handling of detainees in Iraq by a Coalition force exposed some shortcomings in information flows within Defence and between Defence and ministers (see the Year in Review by the Secretary and the Chief of the Defence Force in Chapter One).
Defence's international engagement activities continue to support Australia's efforts to promote regional and global security. Achieved. Defence undertook a comprehensive range of international engagement activities to support Australia's efforts to promote regional and global security. This included strategic-level dialogue between senior Australian and foreign defence officials, consultation and cooperation on areas of mutual interest, conduct of training and training-related projects and exercises conducted under the Defence Cooperation Program. Defence supported multilateral security initiatives, such as the Proliferation Security Initiative, and hosted an important regional counter-terrorism conference.
Defence's overseas representatives contribute to the effective management of Australia's defence interests in the context of overall bilateral relationships. Achieved. Defence's overseas representatives successfully contributed to the effective management of Australia's defence interests, achieved largely through their advice on, and personal contributions to, developing and strengthening bilateral relationships with allies and neighbours. Their activities were guided by Defence's objectives for international engagement with particular countries, as well as directives to Defence Attachés, that were consistent with Australia's defence interests.
Effectively manage the Defence Cooperation Program to achieve the aims of the program. Achieved. Defence successfully manages the Defence Cooperation Program to achieve a number of significant outcomes. The program involves a range of activities aimed at strengthening defence relationships in accordance with the international engagement objectives articulated in the Defence International Engagement Plan. Activities include the provision of training, technical advice, infrastructure development and logistics support to a range of regional nations. Specific details can be found in the Defence Cooperation section later in this outcome.

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Output 5.2 Capability for Military Strategy and Strategic Operations

This output provides strategic policy guidance to assist the development of recommendations to the Government on force structure, capability development, preparedness of ADF elements and operational matters as they arise. It also includes advice to the Government on the command of ADF operations.

Performance Targets Performance
Defence is able to provide regular advice to the Government on military options and preparedness that reflect the changing strategic environment. Achieved. Defence monitors the strategic environment continually and produces a classified document called the Quarterly Strategic Review. Defence also assesses the ability of the ADF to provide military response options at designated levels of readiness, and reports this monthly in the Defence Performance Summary to the Defence Committee, including recommended changes to preparedness levels, contingency planning and remediation of capability deficiencies. Defence provided timely and responsive strategic policy advice on developments in the strategic environment that could affect employment of the ADF.
This advice included revised military strategic priorities to support the Defence Capability Review, commencement of the development of Defence planning guidance to meet the requirements of the Defence Procurement Review, the drafting of a Defence space policy, evaluation of Defence and whole-of-government business continuity plans, and the ongoing development of future warfighting concepts.
The review of Defence capability priorities takes into account Australia's changing strategic environment and the Government's expectations of Defence. Achieved. The Defence Capability Review was completed and a revised public version of the Defence Capability Plan was released in February 2004. The review recognised the new challenges faced from the threat of terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and the risk of failed states within our region. The review resulted in Government decisions to rebalance the Defence Capability Plan and ensure that Defence was positioned to achieve the objectives of the Defence White Paper 2000. The Defence Procurement Review, completed in September 2003, recommended a number of changes designed to ensure capabilities met strategic objectives. The Government's response included the creation of the Capability Development Group, and changes in the Defence Materiel Organisation (as discussed in Chapter Three - Capability Development Group and Chapter Six - Materiel Reform).
The Government is provided with comprehensive and timely strategic advice on current and emerging operational issues. Achieved. Defence provided the Government with comprehensive and timely strategic advice on current and emerging operational issues. This included advice on issues associated with operations in Iraq (Operation Catalyst), Australia's support to the Solomon Islands (Operation Anode), Australia's continued assistance to UN peacekeeping in East Timor (Operation Spire), Defence support for the Rugby World Cup (Operation Scrummage) and planning for Defence support to the Melbourne Commonwealth Games in 2006 (Operation Acolyte). In addition, Defence provided advice on issues associated with other military operations that supported Australia's foreign policy objectives and national sovereignty interests.
ADF joint and combined operations are effectively managed at the strategic level. Achieved. A number of ADF joint and combined military operations in support of Government policy were effectively managed at the strategic level. These included Operation Catalyst (Australia's contribution to the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Iraq), Operations Citadel and Spire (Australia's contribution to United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor and Operation Anode (Australia's contribution to the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands). Other military operations that supported Australia's foreign policy objectives and national sovereignty interests were sustained. This included Operation Slipper (support to the war against terrorism in the Middle East Area of Operations) and Operation Relex II (the deterrence of unauthorised arrivals entering northern Australia by sea), and Operation Scrummage (security for the Rugby World Cup).

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