Chapter Two > Outcome Two: Navy Capabilities > Capability Performance Information

Outcome Two: Navy Capabilities

Capability Performance Information

Force Structure

Output 2.1 Capability for Major Surface Combatant Operations

The surface combatant force provides a capability for major surface combatant operations, which comprises of six Adelaide-class guided missile frigates and five Anzac-class frigates, rising to eight by 2006. The sixth Anzac-class frigate, HMAS Ballarat, was commissioned in June 2004 (previously planned for August 2004). The Defence Capability Review identified two Adelaide-class guided missile frigates to be decommissioned by 2006, which will coincide with the introduction of the last of the Anzac-class ships. The completion of the upgrade program for the remaining Adelaide-class guided missile frigates is planned for 2008.

The surface combatant force is capable of dealing with regional surface and submarine threats. The Navy also maintained the ability to protect land forces committed to lower-level operations through continuation training in naval gunfire support. Training in air warfare was also conducted to ensure that surface combatants could provide protection to land forces within the range and limitations of fitted weapon systems.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Substantially Achieved. Through a program of reconstitution, collective training in warfare disciplines has improved markedly and there have been significant improvements in career and individual training. The aims of the reconstitution process have therefore been met and the principle included in routine planning.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Substantially Achieved. 89 per cent (2,570 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to various, system-related defects.
Class achievements:
Guided missile frigates - 89 per cent (1,275 days).
Anzac-class frigates - 90 per cent (1,295 days).
Quantity 6 guided missile frigates - 1,498 Unit Ready Days (URD)(2) 6 guided missile frigates - 96 per cent (1,431 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to unscheduled maintenance.
5 Anzac-class frigates - 1,402 URD 5 frigates - 103 per cent (1,447 URD achieved). The overachievement was due to a reduction in scheduled maintenance.

Notes

  1. Mission capability measures capability for assigned tasks. It is defined as the required level of unit readiness for the actual tasking for which the force element has been scheduled at any time through its operational cycle. Tasking includes all scheduled activities to achieve assigned Defence operations, international engagement requirements and levels of preparedness required for a military response. Mission capability is assessed against Unit Ready Days (URD) achieved to produce a percentage. The mission capability performance is calculated by dividing the URD achieved by the total number of mission capability days recorded throughout the year to produce a percentage.
  2. URD is the number of days that a force element is available for tasking by the Maritime Commander outside of major maintenance and within planned readiness requirements (see Portfolio Budget Statements 2003-04, p.56, for further explanation).

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Output 2.2 Capability for Naval Aviation Operations

The naval aviation force provides a capability for naval aviation operations that will be enhanced by the introduction of ten Super Seasprite helicopters. The Super Seasprite will provide a number of embarked flights for the Anzac-class frigates, and an enhanced capability for surface surveillance, anti-ship warfare, and contact investigation. Seahawk helicopters, already in service, provide the flights for embarkation in Adelaide-class guided missile frigates. A Sea King Squadron is maintained for maritime utility operations, including troop lift and a range of logistic tasks, and Squirrel helicopters provide initial helicopter aircrew training.

Seahawk and Sea King helicopters met all planned operational commitments as well as a number of additional, short-notice tasks. Squirrel helicopters met their training targets with minor exceptions due to aircraft operating limitations of the airframe and environmental factors. Kalkara target operations in support of Navy and Air Force training and missile testing met tasking assignments.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Substantially Achieved. The Naval aviation force substantially achieved a level of training that maintained and improved core skills and professional standards, particularly in anti-submarine wafare. The commitment to the number of flights at sea was temporarily reduced to meet individual training and helicopter modification requirements. This limited full achievement of collective skills training.
Achieve mission capability for assigned tasks. Substantially achieved, noting that in the case of aircraft, performance is measured against flying hours achieved using the quantitative measurement below. Embarked flights and detachments were mission capable to meet all but a limited number of assigned tasks.
Quantity 16 Seahawks - 4,600 hours 16 Seahawks - 82 per cent (3,788 hours). While aircraft availability is improving slowly and the deep level maintenance backlog is declining, these factors remain, and when combined with the reduced availability of instructors resulted in a minimal decrease in the achievement of flying hours compared to 2002-03.
7 Sea Kings - 2,000 hours 7 Sea Kings - 99.6 per cent (1,992 hours). The Sea King achieved its target flying hours.
13(1) Squirrels - 4,000 hours 13 Squirrels - 95 per cent (3,816 hours). Flying hours were achieved consistently within the operating limitations of the aircraft. The limitations had a minor impact on the completion of planned training events.
10(2) Super Seasprites - 1,000 hours 5 Super Seasprites - 62 per cent (622 hours). Commencement of flying was delayed due to the late delivery/acceptance of five aircraft. This led to fewer flying hours being achieved overall. Once flying commenced, it paralleled the intended rate.
13 Kalkaras - 39 presentations(3) 10 Kalkaras - 72 per cent (28 presentations). Provision for 39 presentations was made, but only 28 were required to support Navy and Air Force training exercises and missile testing for 2003-04. Two Kalkaras were lost in missile strikes and one in an aircraft malfunction.

Notes

  1. Twelve aircraft are operated, with the thirteenth aircraft being held for attrition purposes.
  2. The eleventh Super Seasprite helicopter will be introduced after 2004-05.
  3. Kalkara is an unmanned aerial target system used for Navy and Air Force support. Presentations refer to the number of instances during which the system is used as a target in training exercises or missile system performance testing.

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Output 2.3 Capability for Patrol Boat Operations

The Patrol Boat output utilised 15 Fremantle-class patrol boats in 2003-04, which provided a patrol, response and surveillance capability. The Fremantle-class patrol boats will be replaced by 12 Armidale-class patrol boats between mid-2005 and the end of 2007.

The Fremantle-class patrol boats have exceeded their life-of-type by an average of seven years. Hull and system-related defects have resulted in a minor shortfall in the number of unit ready days and mission capable days generated by the force. This situation is not expected to improve while the class is in service. The patrol boat force made a large and effective contribution to the civil surveillance program (managed by Coastwatch) and to the protection of Australia's sovereignty. Patrol boats also contributed to regional engagement and security through the conduct of operations, port visits and exercises with regional nations.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Achieved. Target levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Substantially Achieved. The patrol boat force substantially achieved a level of training that maintained core skills and professional standards. Full achievement of some collective training skills and professional standards targets was limited by the operational tempo, which precluded the programming of some exercises/training serials.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Achieved. 97 per cent (4,367 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to hull and various system-related defects.
Quantity 15 patrol boats - 4,871 URD 15 patrol boats - 92 per cent (4,487 URD achieved). The target was not fully achieved due to unscheduled major maintenance activity related to the age of the patrol boat force.

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.

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Output 2.4 Capability for Submarine Operations

This output provides a capability for submarine operations comprising six Collins-class submarines. The Navy 'operationally released' the six submarines into service in March 2004. Two of the six submarines have been enhanced with combat system augmentation and platform improvements to provide a higher level of capability; a further two have had platform improvements. A number of projects are in place to progressively enhance the combat system and weapon capability of all six submarines. A number of issues arose during the year, principally unscheduled or extended maintenance periods and materiel certification matters that affected the overall achievement of the performance targets.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Substantially Achieved. Target preparedness levels were not fully achieved due to the delayed introduction of capability enhancements and improvements, such as hull improvements and combat system augmentation on four submarines.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Substantially Achieved. The submarine force substantially achieved a level of training that maintained and improved core skills and professional standards, particularly in anti-submarine warfare.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Achieved. 97 per cent (782 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to various system defects.
Quantity 6 submarines - 945 URD(2) 6 submarines - 85 per cent (799 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to certification extension delays with HMAS Waller, delays in completing HMAS Farncomb's full-cycle docking and an emergency docking for HMAS Rankin to replace the submarine's propeller.

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.
  2. HMAS Collins remained in a full-cycle docking throughout 2003-04..

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Output 2.5 Capability for Afloat Support

This output provides a capability for afloat support comprising of an oil tanker and a replenishment ship. Performance targets for unit ready days were met, although these targets had been amended in the Portfolio Additional Estimates Statements 2003-04 to reflect the reduced performance of the oil tanker, HMAS Westralia, due to significant engine and drive-train defects during the period. The Navy substantially achieved its preparedness requirements for short-notice contingencies while HMAS Westralia was unavailable by carefully scheduling the Navy's other afloat support ship, HMAS Success.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Substantially Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives, with the exception of a brief period when both the oil tanker and replenishment ship had major defects that restricted their ability to undertake support operations.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Substantially Achieved. 86 per cent (274 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to minor ship defects.
Class achievements:
Oil tanker - due to deep level maintenance, the tanker was not tasked throughout 2003-04.
Replenishment ship - 86 per cent (274 days).
Quantity 1 oil tanker - 0 URD 1 oil tanker - 0 URD.
1 replenishment ship - 303 URD 1 replenishment ship - 105 per cent (319 URD achieved). The small overachievement was due to minor changes in the ship's major maintenance availability.

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.

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Output 2.6 Capability for Mine Warfare

This output provides a mine warfare capability comprising six Huon-class coastal mine hunters, two auxiliary minesweepers and two clearance diving teams. The Huon-class coastal mine hunters provided a mine countermeasures capability and also contributed to maritime surveillance and patrol operations. The Defence Capability Review identified two mine hunters to be placed in extended readiness in January and April 2006. The two auxiliary minesweepers provided essential support and mine sweeping training capability. The two Navy clearance diving teams supported the full spectrum of mine warfare missions and also provided capability for explosive ordnance and improvised explosive device disposal.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Substantially Achieved. 90 per cent (2,672 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to various system-related defects that prevented some units from conducting their assigned tasks.
Class achievements:
Coastal mine hunters - 82 per cent (1,369 days).
Auxiliary minesweepers - 100 per cent (571 days).
Clearance diving teams - 100 per cent (732 days).
Quantity 6 coastal mine hunters - 1,721 URD 6 coastal mine hunters - 97 per cent (1,669 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to the late completion of scheduled major maintenance (refit) of HMAS Hawkesbury.
2 auxiliary minesweepers - 732 URD 2 auxiliary minesweepers - 78 per cent (571 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to a defect in MSA Wallaroo's hull plating that required the ship to dock to effect repairs.
2 clearance diving teams - 732 URD 2 clearance diving teams - 100 per cent (732 URD achieved).

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.

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Output 2.7 Capability for Amphibious Lift

The output provides a capability for amphibious lift, comprising two amphibious landing ships, HMA Ships Manoora and Kanimbla, a heavy landing ship HMAS Tobruk and six heavy landing craft. The amphibious ships have been committed to operations, including Operations Anode and Bel Isi II (ceased 26 August 2003). The ships have participated in a wide range of training, which has improved levels of proficiency in both core mariner skills and amphibious capability, including the Navy's ability to support Army in the establishment of forward operating bases. Amphibious ships have also supported special forces exercises in developing a counter-terrorism capability in the maritime environment.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Achieved. Levels were met in accordance with current preparedness directives.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards across all warfare areas. Substantially Achieved. An increase in amphibious training opportunities contributed to the substantial reconstitution of the ADF amphibious capability.
Achieve mission capability(1) for assigned tasks. Achieved. 96 per cent (2,756 days) for the force. Mission capability was not fully achieved due to various system-related defects.
Class achievements:
Heavy landing ship - 98 per cent (329 days).
Amphibious landing ships - 89 per cent (462 days).
Heavy landing craft - 97 per cent (1,965 days).
Quantity 1 heavy landing ship - 294 URD 1 heavy landing ship - 114 per cent (336 URD achieved). The overachievement was due to the rescheduling of a major maintenance activity.
2 amphibious landing ships - 483 URD 2 amphibious landing ships - 107 per cent (518 URD achieved). The overachievement was due to a delay in commencement of HMAS Manoora's major maintenance (refit) availability.
6 heavy landing craft - 2,070 URD 6 landing craft heavy - 98 per cent (2,029 URD achieved). The minor underachievement was due to unforeseen delays in the completion of major maintenance periods.

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.

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Output 2.8 Capability for Hydrographic and Oceanographic Operations

This output provides a capability for hydrographic and oceanographic operations comprising two Leeuwin-class hydrographic ships and their embarked survey motor boats, four Paluma-class survey motor launches, a laser airborne depth sounder aircraft and the hydrographic office deployable survey unit, all supported by the Australian Hydrographic Office in Wollongong, New South Wales. Oceanographic operations are conducted by mobile teams, the Operational Meteorological and Oceanographic Centre, Australian Oceanographic Data Centre, the Fleet Weather and Oceanographic Centre in Sydney, and the Naval Air Station Weather and Oceanographic Centre in Nowra, New South Wales.

All elements provided outcomes to the Navy and national and international authorities, with a primary Defence focus on military geospatial information and rapid environmental assessment initiatives. National tasking supported navigation safety, infrastructure development, preservation of the marine environment and obligations to manage hydrographic and oceanographic data.

The two hydrographic ships and their embarked survey motor boats have yet to be formally accepted. Delays in acceptance are due to problems with the ships' survey systems, their sea-keeping characteristics and integrated logistic support issues. A rectification schedule has been developed, with formal acceptance anticipated in early 2006.

The survey motor launches remained operational in their primary role throughout the year. The survey system of the launches will be upgraded progressively from 2004-05 to address deficiencies in meeting international and Defence feature detection requirements. A prototype survey motor boat is being trialed as part of the development of a replacement vessel.

  Performance Targets Performance
Quality Achieve levels of preparedness directed by the Chief of the Defence Force for military response options with a warning time of less than 12 months. Substantially Achieved. Levels of preparedness were substantially achieved. The limited availability of survey motor launch watchkeepers, logistic funding shortfalls and limitation of the remote deployment of the laser airborne depth sounder aircraft precluded the achievement of all preparedness requirements.
Achieve a level of training that maintains core skills and professional standards to conduct survey tasking, produce navigational information and provision of oceanographic and meteorological support. Achieved. Core skills were maintained in all units. Hydrographic ship crews reconstituted hydrographic surveying skills during the year.
Achieve mission capability (1) for assigned tasks. Substantially Achieved. 94 per cent (1,906 days) for the ships and launches.
Class achievements:
Hydrographic ships - 85 per cent (503 days). The underachievement was due to defects.
Survey motor launches - 98 per cent (1,403 days). The underachievement was due to water purification defects on board HMAS Benalla and generator defects on board HMAS Mermaid.
Achieve HydrOcscheme 2003-06 data and surveying tasking requirements to meet national hydrographic surveying and charting obligations.(2) Substantially Achieved. 92 per cent. Units recorded 1,491 Survey/Sortie Days Achieved (SDA) from 1,620 Survey/Sortie Days Planned (SDP) (3). Specific achievements were as follows:
Hydrographic ships - 80 per cent (400 SDA from 497 SDP). The underachievement was due to ongoing diesel generator and hydrographic survey system defects.
Survey motor launches - 94 per cent (645 SDA from 684 SDP). The underachievement was due to minor defects.
Laser airborne depth sounder aircraft - 94 per cent (255 SDA from 270 SDP). The underachievement was due to a tropical cyclone in a planned sortie area and minor defects.
Hydrographic office deployable survey 
unit - 113 per cent (191 SDA from 169 SDP). The overachievement was due to the unscheduled participation in Operation Anode.
Quantity 2 hydrographic ships - 629 URD days 2 hydrographic ships - 94 per cent (592 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to extended maintenance periods to rectify engine and hydrographic survey system defects.
4 survey motor launches - 1,459 URD 4 survey motor launches - 98 per cent (1,432 URD achieved). The underachievement was due to extended maintenance for suspected asbestos and an unscheduled 'slipping' of HMAS Benalla.
1 laser airborne depth sounder aircraft
- 990 flying hours for surveying;
- 38 hours for ferrying activity
1 laser airborne depth sounder aircraft - 100 per cent (990 hours) for surveying; 100 per cent (38 hours) for ferrying.
1 Hydrographic office deployable survey unit
- availability 365 days; and
- planned deployments 169 days.
1 hydrographic office deployable survey unit - 365 days availability (100 per cent) and 191 deployment days (113 per cent). Program changes precluded a planned deployment to Antarctica, but substitute deployments and participation in Operation Anode resulted in the overachievement.
Chart Production:
- New charts/editions - 50;
26 new charts/editions were produced and published (52 per cent) with another 7 released in July 2004. The target was not achieved due to delays associated with introducing a new digital hydrographic database and compiling the navigation marks database into a new format.
- New charts/diagrams for use by the Navy - 15; and 11 new charts/diagrams were produced (73 per cent). All Defence requests, including those for Coastwatch, were met. The number of requests received were less than previous years, hence the apparent underachievement.
Electronic navigational chart cells(4) - 30. 16 electronic navigational chart cells were produced (53 per cent), with another 14 readied for release in late 2004. Final editing was delayed due to system training requirements for the new digital hydrographic database. Commercial release of all 30 chart cells is dependent upon final development and testing of an encryption coding system to meet applicable international standards.

Notes

  1. See Output 2.1 for an explanation of mission capability.
  2. This performance target was previous titled 'Achieved endorsed data collection and production targets' in the 2002-03 Defence Annual Report. The Hydrographic and Oceanographic Scheme, also referred to as HydrOcscheme 2003-06, is the national hydrographic surveying and charting program.
  3. Survey/Sortie Days Planned (SDP) comprises all days in a specific, survey deployment in accordance with the HydrOcscheme 2003-06.
  4. The electronic navigational chart cells were erroneously reported as the 'electronic nautical chart cells' in the Portfolio Budget Statements 2003-04 (p 69).

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